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island of the Dodecanese group in the Aegean Sea, Greece. The principal town of the 116-square-mile (301-square-kilometre) island is Pigadhia in the south behind Pigadhia Bay. Closely tied to the island of Rhodes in antiquity and the Middle Ages, the island was under Venetian rule from 1306 to about 1540, when it fell to the Turks. In 1912 it passed to Italy; after World War II it was awarded to Greece.