a line of cliffs formed by the faulting or fracturing of the earth's crust; an escarpment.
Fortification. an escarp.
verb (used with object)
to form or cut into a steep slope.

1580–90; < Italian scarpa a slope. See escarp Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
scarp (skɑːp)
1.  See also cuesta a steep slope, esp one formed by erosion or faulting; escarpment
2.  fortifications the side of a ditch cut nearest to and immediately below a rampart
3.  (tr; often passive) to wear or cut so as to form a steep slope
[C16: from Italian scarpa]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"steep slope," 1589, from It. scarpa "slope," probably from a Gmc. source (cf. M.H.G. schroffe "sharp rock, crag," O.E. scræf "cave, grave"). Fr. escarpe is from It.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
scarp   (skärp)  Pronunciation Key 
A continuous line of cliffs produced by vertical movement of the Earth's crust along a fault or by erosion. The term is often used interchangeably with escarpment but is more accurately associated with cliffs produced by faulting rather than those produced by erosional processes.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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