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scheme

[skeem] /skim/
noun
1.
a plan, design, or program of action to be followed; project.
2.
an underhand plot; intrigue.
3.
a visionary or impractical project.
4.
a body or system of related doctrines, theories, etc.:
a scheme of philosophy.
5.
any system of correlated things, parts, etc., or the manner of its arrangement.
6.
a plan, program, or policy officially adopted and followed, as by a government or business:
The company's pension scheme is very successful.
7.
an analytical or tabular statement.
8.
a diagram, map, or the like.
9.
an astrological diagram of the heavens.
verb (used with object), schemed, scheming.
10.
to devise as a scheme; plan; plot; contrive.
verb (used without object), schemed, scheming.
11.
to lay schemes; devise plans; plot.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; < Medieval Latin schēma (stem schēmat-) < Greek schêma form, figure
Related forms
schemeless, adjective
schemer, noun
outscheme, verb (used with object), outschemed, outscheming.
subscheme, noun
underscheme, noun
unschemed, adjective
Synonyms
1, 6. See plan. 2. stratagem, cabal, conspiracy. 5. pattern, schema. 10. See plot1 .
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for schemes
  • Other paleontologists suggested different dimorphic schemes.
  • Many certification schemes have cropped up around the world to give market signals to better producers.
  • schemes to restrict the area to foot traffic worry planners who fear the famous crossroads could lose its creative energy.
  • Long-term fraud schemes are not new to colleges and universities.
  • The government needs to get wise to the schemes of our nations heroic bilkers.
  • University ranking schemes encourage universities to appear to have a high rejection rate.
  • One might start with a color wheel that indicates compatible color schemes.
  • Some have even tried to suggest different grading schemes to change their grade.
  • So you have characters with schemes, you have levels of social legitimacy.
  • Lenders, though, have avoided such schemes and haven't done mortgage modifications on any meaningful scale.
British Dictionary definitions for schemes

scheme

/skiːm/
noun
1.
a systematic plan for a course of action
2.
a systematic arrangement of correlated parts; system
3.
a secret plot
4.
a visionary or unrealizable project
5.
a chart, diagram, or outline
6.
an astrological diagram giving the aspects of celestial bodies at a particular time
7.
(mainly Brit) a plan formally adopted by a commercial enterprise or governmental body, as for pensions, etc
8.
(mainly Scot) an area of housing that is laid out esp by a local authority; estate
verb
9.
(transitive) to devise a system for
10.
to form intrigues (for) in an underhand manner
Derived Forms
schemer, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin schema, from Greek skhēma form
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for schemes

scheme

n.

1550s, "figure of speech," from Medieval Latin schema "shape, figure, form, appearance; figure of speech; posture in dancing," from Greek skhema (genitive skhematos) "figure, appearance, the nature of a thing," related to skhein "to get," and ekhein "to have," from PIE root *segh- "to hold, to hold in one's power, to have" (cf. Sanskrit sahate "he masters, overcomes," sahah "power, victory;" Avestan hazah "power, victory;" Greek ekhein "to have, hold;" Gothic sigis, Old High German sigu, Old Norse sigr, Old English sige "victory").

The sense "program of action" first is attested 1640s. Unfavorable overtones (selfish, devious) began to creep in early 18c. Meaning "complex unity of coordinated component elements" is from 1736. Color scheme is attested from 1884.

v.

"devise a scheme," 1767 (earlier "reduce to a scheme," 1716), from scheme (n.). Related: Schemed; scheming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with schemes
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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14
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