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schizophrenia

[skit-suh-free-nee-uh, -freen-yuh] /ˌskɪt səˈfri ni ə, -ˈfrin yə/
noun
1.
Psychiatry.. Also called dementia praecox. a severe mental disorder characterized by some, but not necessarily all, of the following features: emotional blunting, intellectual deterioration, social isolation, disorganized speech and behavior, delusions, and hallucinations.
2.
a state characterized by the coexistence of contradictory or incompatible elements.
Origin
1910-1915
1910-15; schizo- + -phrenia
Related forms
schizophrenic
[skit-suh-fren-ik] /ˌskɪt səˈfrɛn ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective, noun
nonschizophrenic, adjective
unschizophrenic, adjective
Can be confused
neurotic, psychotic, schizophrenic, schizoid.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for schizophrenia
  • schizophrenia was thought to be due to poor mothering.
  • It's now being linked to the cause of autism, schizophrenia, and brain cancers.
  • Computer simulations of malfunctioning brains may be the key to understanding schizophrenia and other conditions.
  • Tells about his struggle with schizophrenia and his drug use.
  • The use of chlorpromazine as a treatment for schizophrenia soon followed.
  • Some of the work looks at illnesses such as cancer, schizophrenia and alcoholism.
  • Hoopla for new research on the genetics of schizophrenia is misplaced.
  • schizophrenia today is a chronic, frequently disabling mental disorder that affects about one per cent of the world's population.
  • One of the symptoms of schizophrenia is having sensory illusions such as hallucinations or hearing voices.
  • At their extremes, both autism and schizophrenia are debilitating disorders.
British Dictionary definitions for schizophrenia

schizophrenia

/ˌskɪtsəʊˈfriːnɪə/
noun
1.
any of a group of psychotic disorders characterized by progressive deterioration of the personality, withdrawal from reality, hallucinations, delusions, social apathy, emotional instability, etc See catatonia, hebephrenia, paranoia
2.
(informal) behaviour that appears to be motivated by contradictory or conflicting principles
Word Origin
C20: from schizo- + Greek phrēn mind + -ia
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for schizophrenia
n.

1912, from Modern Latin, literally "a splitting of the mind," from German Schizophrenie, coined in 1910 by Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler (1857-1939), from Greek skhizein "to split" (see schizo-) + phren (genitive phrenos) "diaphragm, heart, mind," of unknown origin.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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schizophrenia in Medicine

schizophrenia schiz·o·phre·ni·a (skĭt'sə-frē'nē-ə, -frěn'ē-ə)
n.
Any of a group of psychotic disorders usually characterized by withdrawal from reality, illogical patterns of thinking, delusions, and hallucinations, and accompanied in varying degrees by other emotional, behavioral, or intellectual disturbances. Schizophrenia is often associated with dopamine imbalances in the brain and defects of the frontal lobe and may have an underlying genetic cause.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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schizophrenia in Science
schizophrenia
  (skĭt'sə-frē'nē-ə, skĭt'sə-)   
Any of a group of psychiatric disorders characterized by withdrawal from reality, illogical patterns of thinking, delusions, hallucinations, and psychotic behavior. Schizophrenia is associated with an imbalance of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain and may have an underlying genetic cause.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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schizophrenia in Culture
schizophrenia [(skit-suh-free-nee-uh, skit-suh-fren-ee-uh)]

A form of psychosis marked by a strong tendency to dissociate oneself from reality. Schizophrenia is often characterized by hallucinations, delusions, and inappropriate reactions to situations. The word schizophrenia is often used informally as well as scientifically to indicate a split personality.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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