a learned or erudite person, especially one who has profound knowledge of a particular subject.
a student; pupil.
a student who has been awarded a scholarship.

before 1000; < Late Latin scholāris, equivalent to Latin schol(a) school1 + -āris -ar1; replacing Middle English scoler(e), Old English scolere < Late Latin, as above

scholarless, adjective
nonscholar, noun
nonscholarly, adjective

1. savant. 2. See pupil1. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
scholar (ˈskɒlə)
1.  a learned person, esp in the humanities
2.  a person, esp a child, who studies; pupil
3.  a student of merit at an educational establishment who receives financial aid, esp from an endowment given for such a purpose
4.  (South African) a school pupil
[C14: from Old French escoler, via Late Latin from Latin scholaschool1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. scolere "student," from M.L. scholaris, from L.L. scholaris "of a school," from L. schola (see school (1)). The M.L. word widely borrowed, e.g. O.Fr. escoler, Fr. écolier, O.H.G. scuolari, Ger. Schüler. First record of scholarship in sense of "emoluments of a scholar" is 1535.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
He was a rake among scholars and a scholar among rakes.
Early copies are of great interest to scholars, but few had any idea this one
But scholars say the boats were first used hundreds of years earlier, perhaps
  for varied reasons.
Not that modern scholars give much credence to the traditional
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