1 [skool]
an institution where instruction is given, especially to persons under college age: The children are at school.
an institution for instruction in a particular skill or field.
a college or university.
a regular course of meetings of a teacher or teachers and students for instruction; program of instruction: summer school.
a session of such a course: no school today; to be kept after school.
the activity or process of learning under instruction, especially at a school for the young: As a child, I never liked school.
one's formal education: They plan to be married when he finishes school.
a building housing a school.
the body of students, or students and teachers, belonging to an educational institution: The entire school rose when the principal entered the auditorium.
a building, room, etc., in a university, set apart for the use of one of the faculties or for some particular purpose: the school of agriculture.
a particular faculty or department of a university having the right to recommend candidates for degrees, and usually beginning its program of instruction after the student has completed general education: medical school.
any place, situation, etc., tending to teach anything.
the body of pupils or followers of a master, system, method, etc.: the Platonic school of philosophy.
a group of artists, as painters, writers, or musicians, whose works reflect a common conceptual, regional, or personal influence: the modern school; the Florentine school.
the art and artists of a geographical location considered independently of stylistic similarity: the French school.
any group of persons having common attitudes or beliefs.
Military, Navy. parts of close-order drill applying to the individual (school of the soldier) the squad (school of the squad) or the like.
Australian and New Zealand Informal. a group of people gathered together, especially for gambling or drinking.
schools, Archaic. the faculties of a university.
Obsolete. the schoolmen in a medieval university.
of or connected with a school or schools.
Obsolete. of the schoolmen.
verb (used with object)
to educate in or as if in a school; teach; train.
Archaic. to reprimand.

before 900; Middle English scole (noun), Old English scōl < Latin schola < Greek scholḗ leisure employed in learning

schoolable, adjective
schoolless, adjective
schoollike, adjective Unabridged


2 [skool]
a large number of fish, porpoises, whales, or the like, feeding or migrating together.
verb (used without object)
to form into, or go in, a school, as fish.

1350–1400; Middle English schol(e) < Dutch school; cognate with Old English scolu troop; see shoal2 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
school1 (skuːl)
1.  a.  an institution or building at which children and young people usually under 19 receive education
 b.  (as modifier): school bus; school day
 c.  (in combination): schoolroom; schoolwork
2.  any educational institution or building
3.  a faculty, institution, or department specializing in a particular subject: a law school
4.  the staff and pupils of a school
5.  the period of instruction in a school or one session of this: he stayed after school to do extra work
6.  meetings held occasionally for members of a profession, etc
7.  a place or sphere of activity that instructs: the school of hard knocks
8.  a body of people or pupils adhering to a certain set of principles, doctrines, or methods
9.  a group of artists, writers, etc, linked by the same style, teachers, or aims: the Venetian school of painting
10.  a style of life: a gentleman of the old school
11.  informal a group assembled for a common purpose, esp gambling or drinking
12.  to train or educate in or as in a school
13.  to discipline or control
14.  an archaic word for reprimand
[Old English scōl, from Latin schola school, from Greek skholē leisure spent in the pursuit of knowledge]

school2 (skuːl)
1.  a group of porpoises or similar aquatic animals that swim together
2.  (intr) to form such a group
[Old English scolushoal²]

Schools (skuːlz)
pl n
1.  the Schools the medieval Schoolmen collectively
2.  at Oxford University
 a.  the Examination Schools, the University building in which examinations are held
 b.  informal the Second Public Examination for the degree of Bachelor of Arts; finals

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"place of instruction," O.E. scol, from L. schola, from Gk. skhole "school, lecture, discussion," also "leisure, spare time," originally "a holding back, a keeping clear," from skhein "to get" + -ole by analogy with bole "a throw," stole "outfit," etc. The original notion is "leisure," which passed
to "otiose discussion," then "place for such." The PIE base is *segh- "to hold, hold in one's power, to have" (see scheme). The L. word was widely borrowed, cf. O.Fr. escole, Fr. école, Sp. escuela, It. scuola, O.H.G. scuola, Ger. Schule, Swed. skola, Gael. sgiol, Welsh ysgol, Rus. shkola. Replaced O.E. larhus "lore house." Meaning "students attending a school" is attested from c.1300; sense of "school building" is first recorded c.1590. Sense of "people united by a general similarity of principles and methods" is from 1612; hence school of thought (1864). The verb is attested from 1573. School of hard knocks "rough experience in life" is recorded from 1912 (in George Ade); to tell tales out of school "betray damaging secrets" is from 1546. Schoolmarm is attested from 1831, U.S. colloquial; used figuratively for "patronizingly and priggishly instructing" from 1887.

"group of fish," c.1400, from M.Du. schole "group of fish or other animals," cognate with O.E. scolu "band, troop, school of fish," from W.Gmc. *skulo- (see shoal (2)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for schools
Supports reducing restrictions on government funding for religious charities
  and schools.
He was very interested in education and gave money to the local schools.
Long island is also home to a number of private and parochial schools.
Untouchable boys and girls are discriminated even at public schools.
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