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town, eastern New South Wales, Australia, in the upper Hunter River valley. Gazetted in 1837 as the village of Invermein, it was renamed for Scone, Scot., and was proclaimed a municipality in 1888. It lies along the New England Highway and the main northern rail line, 80 miles (130 km) northwest of Newcastle. Scone is a market centre for a district producing sheep, cattle, racehorses, walnuts, and vegetables. Scone is also the area headquarters of soil and water conservation authorities, and Glenbawn Dam and reservoir (and an associated national park) are nearby. A local curiosity is Mount Wingen, or Burning Mountain (1,800 feet [550 metres]); a cleft in its side emits smoke from an underground coal seam that has been smoldering for centuries. Pop. (2006) 5,079.
quick bread of British origin and worldwide fame, made with leavened barley flour or oatmeal that is rolled into a round shape and cut into quarters before baking on a griddle. The first scones were baked in cast iron pans hung in the kitchen fires of rural England and Wales. With the advent of Eastern trade, scones became an integral part of the fashionable ritual of "taking tea," with which they are still served daily, hot and buttered, throughout Britain and many regions of its former empire.