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scorpion

[skawr-pee-uh n] /ˈskɔr pi ən/
noun
1.
any of numerous arachnids of the order Scorpionida, widely distributed in warmer parts of the world, having a long, narrow, segmented tail that terminates in a venomous sting.
2.
the Scorpion, Astronomy, Scorpius.
3.
any of various harmless lizards, especially the red- or orange-headed males of certain North American skinks.
4.
Bible. a whip or scourge that has spikes attached. I Kings 12:11.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English < Latin scorpiōn- (stem of scorpiō), equivalent to scorp(ius) scorpion (< Greek skorpíos) + -iōn- noun suffix, perhaps after pāpiliō (stem pāpiliōn-) butterfly, or stelliō (stem stelliōn-) gecko
Related forms
scorpionic
[skawr-pee-on-ik] /ˌskɔr piˈɒn ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for scorpions
  • Newly molted scorpions do not glow until after their cuticle has hardened.
  • scorpions are opportunistic predators of small arthropods and insects.
  • Unlike the majority of arachnida species, scorpions are viviparous.
British Dictionary definitions for scorpions

scorpion

/ˈskɔːpɪən/
noun
1.
any arachnid of the order Scorpionida, of warm dry regions, having a segmented body with a long tail terminating in a venomous sting
2.
false scorpion, any small nonvenomous arachnid of the order Pseudoscorpionida (or Chelonethida), which superficially resemble scorpions but lack the long tail See book scorpion
3.
any of various other similar arachnids, such as the whip scorpion, or other arthropods, such as the water scorpion
4.
(Old Testament) a barbed scourge (I Kings 12:11)
5.
(history) a war engine for hurling stones; ballista
Word Origin
C13: via Old French from Latin scorpiō, from Greek skorpios, of obscure origin

Scorpion

/ˈskɔːpɪən/
noun
1.
the Scorpion, the constellation Scorpio, the eighth sign of the zodiac
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for scorpions

scorpion

n.

c.1200, from Old French scorpion (12c.), from Latin scorpionem (nominative scorpio), extended form of scorpius, from Greek skorpios "a scorpion," from PIE root *(s)ker- "to cut" (see shear (v.)). The Spanish alacran "scorpion" is from Arabic al-'aqrab.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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scorpions in the Bible

mentioned along with serpents (Deut. 8:15). Used also figuratively to denote wicked persons (Ezek. 2:6; Luke 10:19); also a particular kind of scourge or whip (1 Kings 12:11). Scorpions were a species of spider. They abounded in the Jordan valley.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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13
16
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