scourge

[skurj]
noun
1.
a whip or lash, especially for the infliction of punishment or torture.
2.
a person or thing that applies or administers punishment or severe criticism.
3.
a cause of affliction or calamity: Disease and famine are scourges of humanity.
verb (used with object), scourged, scourging.
4.
to whip with a scourge; lash.
5.
to punish, chastise, or criticize severely.

Origin:
1175–1225; (noun) Middle English < Anglo-French escorge, derivative of escorgier to whip < Vulgar Latin *excorrigiāre, derivative of Latin corrigia thong, whip (see ex-1); (v.) Middle English < Old French escorgier

scourger, noun
scourgingly, adverb
self-scourging, adjective
unscourged, adjective
unscourging, adjective


3. plague, bane. 5. correct, castigate.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
scourge (skɜːdʒ)
 
n
1.  a person who harasses, punishes, or causes destruction
2.  a means of inflicting punishment or suffering
3.  a whip used for inflicting punishment or torture
 
vb
4.  to whip; flog
5.  to punish severely
 
[C13: from Anglo-French escorge, from Old French escorgier (unattested) to lash, from es-ex-1 + Latin corrigia whip]
 
'scourger
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

scourge
early 13c., from Anglo-Fr. escorge, back-formation from O.Fr. escorgier "to whip," from V.L. *excorrigiare, from L. ex- "out, off" + corrigia "thong, shoelace," in this case "whip," probably from a Gaulish word related to O.Ir. cuimrech "fetter." The verb is attested from early 13c. Scourge of God, title
given by later generations to Attila the Hun (406453 C.E.), is attested from late 14c., from L. flagellum Dei.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Scourging definition


(1 Kings 12:11). Variously administered. In no case were the stripes to exceed forty (Deut. 25:3; comp. 2 Cor. 11:24). In the time of the apostles, in consequence of the passing of what was called the Porcian law, no Roman citizen could be scourged in any case (Acts 16:22-37). (See BASTINADO.) In the scourging of our Lord (Matt. 27:26; Mark 15:15) the words of prophecy (Isa. 53:5) were fulfilled.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Most of his bemused contemplations are self-scourging and have to do with qualities he finds unpleasant in his own people.
In this feature there are a shooting, two or three scourging episodes, an automobile accident and a fire.
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