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scourge

[skurj] /skɜrdʒ/
noun
1.
a whip or lash, especially for the infliction of punishment or torture.
2.
a person or thing that applies or administers punishment or severe criticism.
3.
a cause of affliction or calamity:
Disease and famine are scourges of humanity.
verb (used with object), scourged, scourging.
4.
to whip with a scourge; lash.
5.
to punish, chastise, or criticize severely.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; (noun) Middle English < Anglo-French escorge, derivative of escorgier to whip < Vulgar Latin *excorrigiāre, derivative of Latin corrigia thong, whip (see ex-1); (v.) Middle English < Old French escorgier
Related forms
scourger, noun
scourgingly, adverb
self-scourging, adjective
unscourged, adjective
unscourging, adjective
Synonyms
3. plague, bane. 5. correct, castigate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for scourging
  • Most of his bemused contemplations are self-scourging and have to do with qualities he finds unpleasant in his own people.
  • In this feature there are a shooting, two or three scourging episodes, an automobile accident and a fire.
British Dictionary definitions for scourging

scourge

/skɜːdʒ/
noun
1.
a person who harasses, punishes, or causes destruction
2.
a means of inflicting punishment or suffering
3.
a whip used for inflicting punishment or torture
verb (transitive)
4.
to whip; flog
5.
to punish severely
Derived Forms
scourger, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Anglo-French escorge, from Old French escorgier (unattested) to lash, from es-ex-1 + Latin corrigia whip
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for scourging

scourge

n.

c.1200, "a whip, lash," from Anglo-French escorge, back-formation from Old French escorgier "to whip," from Vulgar Latin *excorrigiare, from Latin ex- "out, off" (see ex-) + corrigia "thong, shoelace," in this case "whip," probably from a Gaulish word related to Old Irish cuimrech "fetter," from PIE root *reig- "to bind" (see rig (v.)). Figurative use from late 14c. Scourge of God, title given by later generations to Attila the Hun (406-453 C.E.), is attested from late 14c., from Latin flagellum Dei.

v.

c.1300, "to whip," from Old French escorgier and from scourge (n.). Figurative meaning "to afflict" (often for the sake of punishment or purification) is from late 14c. Related: Scourged; scourging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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scourging in the Bible

(1 Kings 12:11). Variously administered. In no case were the stripes to exceed forty (Deut. 25:3; comp. 2 Cor. 11:24). In the time of the apostles, in consequence of the passing of what was called the Porcian law, no Roman citizen could be scourged in any case (Acts 16:22-37). (See BASTINADO.) In the scourging of our Lord (Matt. 27:26; Mark 15:15) the words of prophecy (Isa. 53:5) were fulfilled.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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