scrutiny

[skroot-n-ee]
noun, plural scrutinies.
1.
a searching examination or investigation; minute inquiry.
2.
surveillance; close and continuous watching or guarding.
3.
a close and searching look.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English < Latin scrūtinium the action of searching, of scrutinizing, derivative of scrūtārī to search

nonscrutiny, noun, plural nonscrutinies.
rescrutiny, noun, plural rescrutinies.
self-scrutiny, noun


1. See examination.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
scrutiny (ˈskruːtɪnɪ)
 
n , pl -nies
1.  close or minute examination
2.  a searching look
3.  a.  (in the early Christian Church) a formal testing that catechumens had to undergo before being baptized
 b.  a similar examination of candidates for holy orders
 
[C15: from Late Latin scrūtinium an investigation, from scrūtārī to search (originally referring to rag-and-bone men), from scrūta rubbish]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

scrutiny
early 15c., "a vote to choose someone to decide a question," from L.L. scrutinium "a search, inquiry," from L. scrutari "to examine, search" (as through trash), from scruta (pl.) "trash, rags" (see shred). Meaning "close examination" first recorded c.1600.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Only close scrutiny by investors can provide the kinds of discipline needed to
  ensure the bank's long-term success.
Many cases, when subjected to close scrutiny, prove not to have been remissions
  at all.
At the same time was born the spirit of scrutiny and curiosity.
Last, the energy of the puritan scrutiny of motives and searching of conscience
  develops into a wonderful intuition of character.
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