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sculpture

[skuhlp-cher] /ˈskʌlp tʃər/
noun
1.
the art of carving, modeling, welding, or otherwise producing figurative or abstract works of art in three dimensions, as in relief, intaglio, or in the round.
2.
such works of art collectively.
3.
an individual piece of such work.
verb (used with object), sculptured, sculpturing.
4.
to carve, model, weld, or otherwise produce (a piece of sculpture).
5.
to produce a portrait or image of in this way; represent in sculpture.
6.
Physical Geography. to change the form of (the land surface) by erosion.
verb (used without object), sculptured, sculpturing.
7.
to work as a sculptor.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English (noun) < Latin sculptūra, equivalent to sculpt(us) (past participle of sculpere to carve) + -ūra -ure
Related forms
sculptural, adjective
sculpturally, adverb
nonsculptural, adjective
nonsculpturally, adverb
resculpture, verb (used with object), resculptured, resculpturing.
unsculptural, adjective
Can be confused
sculptor, sculpture.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sculpturally

sculpture

/ˈskʌlptʃə/
noun
1.
the art of making figures or designs in relief or the round by carving wood, moulding plaster, etc, or casting metals, etc
2.
works or a work made in this way
3.
ridges or indentations as on a shell, formed by natural processes
4.
the gradual formation of the landscape by erosion
verb (mainly transitive)
5.
(also intransitive) to carve, cast, or fashion (stone, bronze, etc) three dimensionally
6.
to portray (a person, etc) by means of sculpture
7.
to form in the manner of sculpture, esp to shape (landscape) by erosion
8.
to decorate with sculpture
Also (for senses 5–8) sculpt
Derived Forms
sculptural, adjective
sculpturally, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Latin sculptūra a carving; see sculpt
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sculpturally

sculpture

n.

late 14c., from Latin sculptura "sculpture," from past participle stem of sculpere "to carve, engrave," back-formation from compounds such as exculpere, from scalpere "to carve, cut," from PIE root *(s)kel- (1) "to cut, cleave" (see scale (n.1)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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