sealing wax

noun
a resinous preparation, soft when heated, used for sealing letters, documents, etc.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sealing wax
 
n
a hard material made of shellac, turpentine, and pigment that softens when heated. It is used for sealing documents, parcels, letters, etc

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

sealing wax

substance formerly in wide use for sealing letters and attaching impressions of seals to documents. In medieval times it consisted of a mixture of beeswax, Venice turpentine, and colouring matter, usually vermilion; later lac from Indonesia supplanted the beeswax. The wax was prepared by melting and stirring, and the molten mixture was poured into stick-shaped molds. The mold was then held over the envelope or document to be sealed, a candle or other flame was applied, and the resulting drop pressed with a die containing the seal

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Amongst the various items was found an old wooden box, sealed with rusty nails, string and sealing wax.
Cover with sealing wax and set away in a cool, dry place.
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