sediment

[n. sed-uh-muhnt; v. sed-uh-ment]
noun
1.
the matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid; lees; dregs.
2.
Geology. mineral or organic matter deposited by water, air, or ice.
verb (used with object)
3.
to deposit as sediment.
verb (used without object)
4.
to form or deposit sediment.

Origin:
1540–50; < Latin sedimentum, equivalent to sedi- (combining form of sedēre to sit1, settle) + -mentum -ment

sedimentous, adjective
self-sedimented, adjective

sand, sediment, silt.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To sediments
Collins
World English Dictionary
sediment (ˈsɛdɪmənt)
 
n
1.  matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid
2.  material that has been deposited from water, ice, or wind
 
[C16: from Latin sedimentum a settling, from sedēre to sit]
 
sedimentous
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sediment
1547, from Fr. sédiment (16c.), from L. sedimentum "a settling, sinking down," from stem of sedere "to settle, sit" (see sedentary). As a type of rock, sedimentary is first recorded 1830 (in Lyell); sedimentation is from 1874.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

sediment sed·i·ment (sěd'ə-mənt)
n.
Insoluble material that sinks to the bottom of a liquid, as in hypostasis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Science Dictionary
sediment   (sěd'ə-mənt)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. Geology Solid fragmented material, such as silt, sand, gravel, chemical precipitates, and fossil fragments, that is transported and deposited by water, ice, or wind or that accumulates through chemical precipitation or secretion by organisms, and that forms layers on the Earth's surface. Sedimentary rocks consist of consolidated sediment.

  2. Chemistry

  3. Particles of solid matter that settle out of a suspension to the bottom of the liquid.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Example sentences
They are well preserved, and encased in sediments that allow uncommonly precise
  dating.
More trees would ameliorate these difficulties, trapping sediments and
  nutrients as well as regulating the supply of fresh water.
It swirls around a bunch but then it settles on the continental shelf and
  eventually sediments into rock.
The wet sediments collect in low-lying areas and are rapidly buried by more and
  more debris eroding down from the mountains.
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;