segmentary

segment

[n. seg-muhnt; v. seg-ment, seg-ment]
noun
1.
one of the parts into which something naturally separates or is divided; a division, portion, or section: a segment of an orange.
2.
Geometry.
a.
a part cut off from a figure, especially a circular or spherical one, by a line or plane, as a part of a circular area contained by an arc and its chord or by two parallel lines or planes.
b.
Also called line segment. a finite section of a line.
3.
Zoology.
a.
any of the rings that compose the body of an annelid or arthropod.
b.
any of the discrete parts of the body of an animal, especially of an arthropod.
4.
an object, as a machine part, having the form of a segment or sector of a circle.
5.
Computers.
a.
a portion of a program, often one that can be loaded and executed independently of other portions.
b.
a unit of data in a database.
6.
an arclike support on which the typebars of a typewriter rest when not in use.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object)
7.
to separate or divide into segments.

Origin:
1560–70; < Latin segmentum, equivalent to sec(āre) to cut + -mentum -ment

segmentary [seg-muhn-ter-ee] , adjective
segmentate, adjective
intersegment, noun, adjective
multisegment, adjective
multisegmented, adjective
nonsegmentary, adjective
nonsegmented, adjective
unsegmentary, adjective
unsegmented, adjective


1. See part.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
segment
 
n
1.  maths
 a.  a part of a line or curve between two points
 b.  a part of a plane or solid figure cut off by an intersecting line, plane, or planes, esp one between a chord and an arc of a circle
2.  one of several parts or sections into which an object is divided; portion
3.  zoology any of the parts into which the body or appendages of an annelid or arthropod are divided
4.  linguistics a speech sound considered in isolation
 
vb
5.  to cut or divide (a whole object) into segments
 
[C16: from Latin segmentum, from secāre to cut]
 
segmentary
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

segment
1570, from L. segmentum "a strip or piece cut off," originally a geometric term, from secare "to cut" (see section), with euphonious alteration of -c- to -g- before -m-. The verb is recorded from 1859.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

segment seg·ment (sěg'mənt)
n.

  1. A clearly differentiated subdivision of an organism or part, such as a metamere.

  2. A part of an organ having independent function, supply, or drainage.

  3. See zona.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
segment   (sěg'mənt)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. The portion of a line between any two of its points.

  2. The region bounded by an arc of a circle and the chord that connects the endpoints of the arc.

  3. The portion of a sphere included between a pair of parallel planes that intersect it or are tangent to it.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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