|a nonmetallic element that exists in several allotropic forms. It occurs free in volcanic areas and in sulphide ores, esp pyrite. The common form is a grey crystalline solid that is photoconductive, photovoltaic, and semiconducting: used in photocells, solar cells, and in xerography. Symbol: Se; atomic no: 34; atomic wt: 78.96; valency: --2, 4, or 6; relative density: 4.79 (grey); melting pt: 221°C (grey); boiling pt: 685°C (grey)|
|[C19: from New Latin, from Greek selēnē moon; named by analogy to |
selenium se·le·ni·um (sĭ-lē'nē-əm)
A nonmetallic element, with red, black, and gray allotropic forms, resembling sulfur and obtained primarily as a byproduct of electrolytic copper refining. Atomic number 34; atomic weight 78.96; melting point (of gray selenium) 221°C; boiling point (gray) 684.9°C; specific gravity (gray) 4.79; (black) 4.28; valence 2, 4, or 6.
|selenium (sĭ-lē'nē-əm) Pronunciation Key
A nonmetallic element that occurs in a gray crystalline form, as a red powder, or as a black glassy material. It is highly photosensitive and can be used to convert light into electricity. Its ability to conduct electricity also increases with higher exposure to light. For these reasons selenium is used in photocopying technology, photography, and solar cells. Atomic number 34; atomic weight 78.96; melting point 217°C; boiling point 684.9°C; specific gravity (gray) 4.79; (red) 4.5; (black) 4.28; valence 2, 4, or 6. See Periodic Table.