self working


the act of a person or thing that works.
operation; action: the involuted workings of his mind.
the process of shaping a material: The working of clay is easy when it's damp.
the act of manufacturing or building a thing.
Usually, workings. a part of a mine, quarry, or the like, in which work is carried on.
the process of fermenting, as of yeasts.
a slow advance involving exertion.
disturbed or twisting motions: The working of his limbs revealed the disease.
repeated movement or strain tending to loosen a structural assembly or part.
that works.
doing some form of work or labor, especially manual, mechanical, or industrial work, as for a living: a working person.
operating; producing effects, results, etc.
pertaining to, connected with, or used in operating or working.
serving to permit or facilitate continued work: a working model; a working majority.
adequate for usual or customary needs: a working knowledge of Spanish.
large enough for working or being worked: a working sample.
done, taken, etc., while conducting or discussing business: a working lunch.
Also, work. (of a face or edge, as of a timber or a metal casting) shaped and planed as a reference for further shaping and planing.

1250–1300; Middle English werking. See work, -ing1, -ing2

self-working, adjective
unworking, adjective

15. usable, practical, operative, functioning. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
working (ˈwɜːkɪŋ)
1.  the operation or mode of operation of something
2.  the act or process of moulding something pliable
3.  a convulsive or jerking motion, as from excitement
4.  (often plural) a part of a mine or quarry that is being or has been worked
5.  (plural) the whole system of excavations in a mine
6.  a record of the steps by which the result of a calculation or the solution of a problem is obtained: all working is to be submitted to the examiners
7.  rare slow advance against or as if against resistance
8.  relating to or concerned with a person or thing that works: a working man
9.  concerned with, used in, or suitable for work: working clothes
10.  (of a meal or occasion) during which business discussions are carried on: working lunch; working breakfast
11.  capable of being operated or used: a working model
12.  sufficiently large or accurate to be useful or to accomplish a desired end: a working majority; a working knowledge of German
13.  (of a theory, etc) providing a basis, usually a temporary one, on which operations or procedures may be carried out

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. weorc, worc "something done, deed, action, proceeding, business, military fortification," from P.Gmc. *werkan (cf. O.S., O.Fris., Du. werk, O.N. verk, M.Du. warc, O.H.G. werah, Ger. Werk, Goth. gawaurki), from PIE base *werg- "to work" (see urge (v.)).
"Work is less boring than amusing oneself." [Baudelaire, "Mon Coeur mis a nu," 1862]
In O.E., the noun also had the sense of "fornication." Workhouse in the sense of "place where the poor or petty criminals are lodged" first appeared 1652. Works "industrial place" (usually with qualifying adj.) is attested from 1581. Work station is recorded from 1950.

a fusion of O.E. wyrcan (past tense worhte, pp. geworht), from P.Gmc. *wurkijanan; and O.E. wircan (Mercian) "to work, operate, function," formed relatively late from P.Gmc. noun *werkan (see work (n.)). Worker as a type of bee is recorded from 1747. Work out "do strenuous
physical exercise" first recorded 1909, originally in boxing jargon. Working-class first attested 1789 (n.), 1839 (adj.). Workmanlike "efficient, no-nonsense" is recorded from 1739.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
work  [%PREMIUM_LINK%]     (wûrk)  Pronunciation Key 
The transfer of energy from one object to another, especially in order to make the second object move in a certain direction. Work is equal to the amount of force multiplied by the distance over which it is applied. If a force of 10 newtons, for example, is applied over a distance of 3 meters, the work is equal to 30 newtons per meter, or 30 joules. The unit for measuring work is the same as that for energy in any system of units, since work is simply a transfer of energy. Compare energy, power.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

work definition

In physics, the product of a force applied, and the distance through which that force acts.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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