self-accusative

accusative

[uh-kyoo-zuh-tiv]
adjective
1.
Grammar.
a.
(in certain inflected languages, as Latin, Greek, or Russian) noting a case whose distinctive function is to indicate the direct object of a verb or the object of certain prepositions.
b.
similar to such a case form in function or meaning.
2.
Linguistics. pertaining to a type of language in which there is an accusative case or in which subjects of transitive verbs behave the same way as subjects of intransitive verbs. Compare ergative ( def 2 ).
noun
4.
an accusative case.
5.
a word in an accusative case.
6.
a form or construction of similar function.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English (< Middle French) < Latin accūsātīvus, equivalent to ac- ac- + -cūsātīvus, combining form of causātīvus (see causative) a loan-translation of Greek aitiatikḗ, in the sense of pointing to the origin or cause, accusing)

accusatively, adverb
self-accusative, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
accusative (əˈkjuːzətɪv)
 
adj
1.  grammar See also objective denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives in inflected languages that is used to identify the direct object of a finite verb, of certain prepositions, and for certain other purposes
2.  another word for accusatorial
 
n
3.  grammar
 a.  the accusative case
 b.  a word or speech element in the accusative case
 
[C15: from Latin; in grammar, from the phrase cāsus accūsātīvus accusative case, a mistaken translation of Greek ptōsis aitiatikē the case indicating causation. See accuse]
 
accusatival
 
adj
 
ac'cusatively
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

accusative
case whose primary function is to express destination or goal of motion, mid-15c., from Anglo-Fr. accusatif, from O.Fr. acusatif, from L. casus accusativus "case of accusing," from accusatus, pp. of accusare (see accuse). Translating Gk. ptosis aitiatike "case of that which
is caused," on similarity of Gk. aitiasthai "accuse." Gk. aitia is the root of both, and means both "cause" and "accusation," hence the confusion of the Romans. A more correct translation would have been casus causativus.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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