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charge

[chahrj] /tʃɑrdʒ/
verb (used with object), charged, charging.
1.
to impose or ask as a price or fee:
That store charges $25 for leather gloves.
2.
to impose on or ask of (someone) a price or fee:
He didn't charge me for it.
3.
to defer payment for (a purchase) until a bill is rendered by the creditor:
The store let me charge the coat.
4.
to hold liable for payment; enter a debit against.
5.
to attack by rushing violently against:
The cavalry charged the enemy.
6.
to accuse formally or explicitly (usually followed by with):
They charged him with theft.
7.
to impute; ascribe the responsibility for:
He charged the accident to his own carelessness.
8.
to instruct authoritatively, as a judge does a jury.
9.
to lay a command or injunction upon:
He charged his secretary with the management of his correspondence.
10.
to fill or furnish (a thing) with the quantity, as of powder or fuel, that it is fitted to receive:
to charge a musket.
11.
to supply with a quantity of electric charge or electrical energy:
to charge a storage battery.
12.
to change the net amount of positive or negative electric charge of (a particle, body, or system).
13.
to suffuse, as with emotion:
The air was charged with excitement.
14.
to fill (air, water, etc.) with other matter in a state of diffusion or solution:
The air was charged with pollen.
15.
Metallurgy. to load (materials) into a furnace, converter, etc.
16.
to load or burden (the mind, heart, etc.):
His mind was charged with weighty matters.
17.
to put a load or burden on or in.
18.
to record the loan of, as books or other materials from a library (often followed by out):
The librarian will charge those books at the front desk.
19.
to borrow, as books or other materials from a library (often followed by out):
How many magazines may I charge at one time?
20.
Heraldry. to place charges on (an escutcheon).
verb (used without object), charged, charging.
21.
to make an onset; rush, as to an attack.
22.
to place the price of a thing to one's debit.
23.
to require payment:
to charge for a service.
24.
to make a debit, as in an account.
25.
(of dogs) to lie down at command.
noun
26.
expense or cost:
improvements made at a tenant's own charge.
27.
a fee or price charged:
a charge of three dollars for admission.
28.
a pecuniary burden, encumbrance, tax, or lien; cost; expense; liability to pay:
After his death there were many charges on his estate.
29.
an entry in an account of something due.
30.
an impetuous onset or attack, as of soldiers.
31.
a signal by bugle, drum, etc., for a military charge.
32.
a duty or responsibility laid upon or entrusted to one.
33.
care, custody, or superintendence:
The child was placed in her nurse's charge.
34.
anything or anybody committed to one's care or management:
The nurse was careful to let no harm come to her charge.
35.
Ecclesiastical. a parish or congregation committed to the spiritual care of a pastor.
36.
a command or injunction; exhortation.
37.
an accusation:
He was arrested on a charge of theft.
38.
Law. an address by a judge to a jury at the close of a trial, instructing it as to the legal points, the weight of evidence, etc., affecting the verdict in the case.
39.
the quantity of anything that an apparatus is fitted to hold, or holds, at one time:
a charge of coal for a furnace.
40.
a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time.
41.
Electricity.
  1. electric charge.
  2. the process of charging a storage battery.
42.
Slang. a thrill; kick.
43.
Rocketry. grains of a solid propellant, usually including an inhibitor.
44.
a load or burden.
45.
Heraldry. any distinctive mark upon an escutcheon, as an ordinary or device, not considered as belonging to the field; bearing.
Verb phrases
46.
charge off,
  1. to write off as an expense or loss.
  2. to attribute to:
    I charged off the blunder to inexperience.
47.
charge up, Informal.
  1. to agitate, stimulate, or excite:
    a fiery speaker who can charge up an audience.
  2. to put or be under the influence of narcotic drugs.
Idioms
48.
in charge,
  1. in command; having supervisory power.
  2. British. under arrest; in or into the custody of the police.
49.
in charge of,
  1. having the care or supervision of:
    She is in charge of two libraries.
  2. Also, in the charge of. under the care or supervision of:
    The books are in the charge of the accounting office.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; 1950-55 for def 39; (v.) Middle English chargen < Anglo-French, Old French charg(i)er < Late Latin carricāre to load a wagon, equivalent to carr(us) wagon (see car1) + -icā- v. suffix. + -re infinitive ending; (noun) Middle English < Anglo-French, Old French, noun derivative of the v.
Related forms
chargeless, adjective
self-charging, adjective
Can be confused
accuse, allege, charge.
Synonyms
5. assault. 6. indict, arraign, impeach. 9. enjoin, exhort, urge, bid, require, order. 27. See price. 30. onslaught, assault. 32. commission, trust. 33. management. 37. indictment, imputation, allegation. 44. cargo, freight.
Antonyms
6. acquit, absolve.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for self-charging

charge

/tʃɑːdʒ/
verb
1.
to set or demand (a price) he charges too much for his services
2.
(transitive) to hold financially liable; enter a debit against
3.
(transitive) to enter or record as an obligation against a person or his account
4.
(transitive) to accuse or impute a fault to (a person, etc), as formally in a court of law
5.
(transitive) to command; place a burden upon or assign responsibility to I was charged to take the message to headquarters
6.
to make a rush at or sudden attack upon (a person or thing)
7.
(transitive) to fill (a receptacle) with the proper or appropriate quantity
8.
(often foll by up) to cause (an accumulator, capacitor, etc) to take or store electricity or (of an accumulator) to have electricity fed into it
9.
to fill or suffuse or to be filled or suffused with matter by dispersion, solution, or absorption to charge water with carbon dioxide
10.
(transitive) to fill or suffuse with feeling, emotion, etc the atmosphere was charged with excitement
11.
(transitive) (law) (of a judge) to address (a jury) authoritatively
12.
(transitive) to load (a firearm)
13.
(transitive) to aim (a weapon) in position ready for use
14.
(transitive) (heraldry) to paint (a shield, banner, etc) with a charge
15.
(intransitive) (of hunting dogs) to lie down at command
noun
16.
a price charged for some article or service; cost
17.
a financial liability, such as a tax
18.
a debt or a book entry recording it
19.
an accusation or allegation, such as a formal accusation of a crime in law
20.
  1. an onrush, attack, or assault
  2. the call to such an attack in battle
21.
custody or guardianship
22.
a person or thing committed to someone's care
23.
  1. a cartridge or shell
  2. the explosive required to discharge a firearm or other weapon
  3. an amount of explosive material to be detonated at any one time
24.
the quantity of anything that a receptacle is intended to hold
25.
(physics)
  1. the attribute of matter by which it responds to electromagnetic forces responsible for all electrical phenomena, existing in two forms to which the signs negative and positive are arbitrarily assigned
  2. a similar property of a body or system determined by the extent to which it contains an excess or deficiency of electrons
  3. a quantity of electricity determined by the product of an electric current and the time for which it flows, measured in coulombs
  4. the total amount of electricity stored in a capacitor
  5. the total amount of electricity held in an accumulator, usually measured in ampere-hours q, Q
26.
a load or burden
27.
a duty or responsibility; control
28.
a command, injunction, or order
29.
(slang) a thrill
30.
(law) the address made by a judge to the jury at the conclusion of the evidence
31.
(heraldry) a design, device, or image depicted on heraldic arms a charge of three lions
32.
the solid propellant used in rockets, sometimes including the inhibitor
33.
in charge, in command
34.
in charge of
  1. having responsibility for
  2. (US) under the care of
Word Origin
C13: from Old French chargier to load, from Late Latin carricāre; see carry
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for self-charging
charge
early 13c., from O.Fr. chargier "load, burden," from L.L. carricare "to load a wagon, cart," from L. carrus "wagon" (see car). Meaning "responsibility, burden" is mid-14c. (cf. take charge, late 14c.; in charge, 1510s), which progressed to "pecuniary burden, cost" (mid-15c.), and then to "price demanded for service or goods" (1510s). Legal sense of "accusation" is late 15c.; earlier "injunction, order" (late 14c.). Sense of "rush in to attack" is 1560s, perhaps through earlier meaning of "load a weapon" (1540s). Electrical sense is from 1767. Slang meaning "thrill, kick" (Amer.Eng.) is from 1951. Chargé d'affairs was borrowed from French, 1767.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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self-charging in Science
charge
  (chärj)   
  1. A fundamental property of the elementary particles of which matter is made that gives rise to attractive and repulsive forces. There are two kinds of charge: color charge and electric charge. See more at color charge, electric charge.

  2. The amount of electric charge contained in an object, particle, or region of space.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for self-charging

charge

noun
  1. An injection of a narcotic (1920s+ Narcotics)
  2. (also large charge) An acute thrill of pleasure; blast, kick, rush: What kind of ol' creep'd get a charge out of this stuff? (1930s+ Jazz musicians)
  3. Marijuana (1950s+ Narcotics)
verb

To rob (1930s+ Underworld)

Related Terms

get a bang (or charge) out of someone or something, large charge


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with self-charging
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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7
8
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