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cognizance

[kog-nuh-zuh ns, kon-uh-] /ˈkɒg nə zəns, ˈkɒn ə-/
noun
1.
awareness, realization, or knowledge; notice; perception:
The guests took cognizance of the snide remark.
2.
Law.
  1. judicial notice as taken by a court in dealing with a cause.
  2. the right of taking jurisdiction, as possessed by a court.
  3. acknowledgment; admission, as a plea admitting the fact alleged in the declaration.
3.
the range or scope of knowledge, observation, etc.:
Such understanding is beyond his cognizance.
4.
Heraldry. a device by which a person or a person's servants or property can be recognized; badge.
Also, cognisance.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English conisa(u)nce < Middle French con(o)is(s)ance, equivalent to conois(tre) to know (< Latin cognōscere; see cognition) + -ance -ance; forms with -g- (< Latin) from the 16th century
Related forms
noncognizance, noun
self-cognizance, noun
Synonyms
1. note, heed, attention, regard, scrutiny.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for self-cognizance

cognizance

/ˈkɒɡnɪzəns; ˈkɒnɪ-/
noun
1.
knowledge; acknowledgment
2.
take cognizance of, to take notice of; acknowledge, esp officially
3.
the range or scope of knowledge or perception
4.
(law)
  1. the right of a court to hear and determine a cause or matter
  2. knowledge of certain facts upon which the court must act without requiring proof
  3. (mainly US) confession
5.
(heraldry) a distinguishing badge or bearing
Word Origin
C14: from Old French conoissance, from conoistre to know, from Latin cognōscere to learn; see cognition
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for self-cognizance

cognizance

n.

mid-14c., from Anglo-French conysance "recognition," later, "knowledge," from Old French conoissance "acquaintance, recognition; knowledge, wisdom" (Modern French connaissance), from past participle of conoistre "to know," from Latin cognoscere "to get to know, recognize," from com- "together" (see co-) + gnoscere "to know" (see notice (n.)). The -g- was restored in English spelling 15c. and has gradually affected the pronunciation, which was always "con-." The old pronunciation lingered longest in legal use.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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