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propagate

[prop-uh-geyt] /ˈprɒp əˌgeɪt/
verb (used with object), propagated, propagating.
1.
to cause (an organism) to multiply by any process of natural reproduction from the parent stock.
2.
to reproduce (itself, its kind, etc.), as an organism does.
3.
to transmit (hereditary features or elements) to, or through, offspring.
4.
to spread (a report, doctrine, practice, etc.) from person to person; disseminate.
5.
to cause to increase in number or amount.
6.
to create (an effect) at a distance, as by electromagnetic waves, compression waves, etc., traveling through space or a physical medium; transmit:
to propagate sound.
verb (used without object), propagated, propagating.
7.
to multiply by any process of natural reproduction, as organisms; breed.
8.
to increase in extent, as a structural flaw:
The crack will propagate only to this joint.
9.
(of electromagnetic waves, compression waves, etc.) to travel through space or a physical medium.
Origin of propagate
1560-1570
1560-70; < Latin propāgātus (past participle of propāgāre to reproduce (a plant) by cuttings, spread for sprouting, propagate, enlarge), equivalent to propāg(ēs) something set out, scion, slip (pro- pro-1 + pāg-, base of pangere to fasten + -ēs noun suffix) + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
propagative, propagatory
[prop-uh-guh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ˈprɒp ə gəˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ (Show IPA),
adjective
propagator, noun
nonpropagative, adjective
self-propagated, adjective
self-propagating, adjective
unpropagated, adjective
unpropagative, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for self-propagating
Historical Examples
  • Judging from all available evidence, the granules are self-propagating units; that is, they can grow and reproduce themselves.

    Being Well-Born Michael F. Guyer
  • Evil is a mysterious, self-propagating principle, like leaven.

    The Parables of Our Lord William Arnot
  • Our Baptist mission churches are fast becoming models of self-supporting, self-governing, and self-propagating bodies.

    A Tour of the Missions Augustus Hopkins Strong
  • Organisms possess in themselves formative power of a self-propagating kind, which they communicate to their materials.

  • It is self-propagating, from the fact of its lower branches rooting where they touch the soil.

  • I was obliged, in fact, to brace myself, to reason it out again that right was self-propagating and wrong necessarily sterile.

    The High Heart Basil King
British Dictionary definitions for self-propagating

propagate

/ˈprɒpəˌɡeɪt/
verb
1.
(biology) to reproduce or cause to reproduce; breed
2.
(transitive) (horticulture) to produce (plants) by layering, grafting, cuttings, etc
3.
(transitive) to promulgate; disseminate
4.
(physics) to move through, cause to move through, or transmit, esp in the form of a wave: to propagate sound
5.
(transitive) to transmit (characteristics) from one generation to the next
Derived Forms
propagation, noun
propagational, adjective
propagative, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin propāgāre to increase (plants) by cuttings, from propāgēs a cutting, from pangere to fasten
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for self-propagating

propagate

v.

1560s, "to cause to multiply," from Latin propagatus, past participle of propagare "to set forward, extend, procreate" (see propagation). Intransitive sense "reproduce one's kind" is from c.1600. Related: Propagated; propagating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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self-propagating in Medicine

propagate prop·a·gate (prŏp'ə-gāt')
v. prop·a·gat·ed, prop·a·gat·ing, prop·a·gates

  1. To cause an organism to multiply or breed.

  2. To breed offspring.

  3. To transmit characteristics from one generation to another.

  4. To cause to move in some direction or through a medium, such as a wave or a nerve impulse.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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