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scrutiny

[skroot-n-ee] /ˈskrut n i/
noun, plural scrutinies.
1.
a searching examination or investigation; minute inquiry.
2.
surveillance; close and continuous watching or guarding.
3.
a close and searching look.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin scrūtinium the action of searching, of scrutinizing, derivative of scrūtārī to search
Related forms
nonscrutiny, noun, plural nonscrutinies.
rescrutiny, noun, plural rescrutinies.
self-scrutiny, noun
Synonyms
1. See examination.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for self-scrutiny

scrutiny

/ˈskruːtɪnɪ/
noun (pl) -nies
1.
close or minute examination
2.
a searching look
3.
  1. (in the early Christian Church) a formal testing that catechumens had to undergo before being baptized
  2. a similar examination of candidates for holy orders
Word Origin
C15: from Late Latin scrūtinium an investigation, from scrūtārī to search (originally referring to rag-and-bone men), from scrūta rubbish
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for self-scrutiny
scrutiny
early 15c., "a vote to choose someone to decide a question," from L.L. scrutinium "a search, inquiry," from L. scrutari "to examine, search" (as through trash), from scruta (pl.) "trash, rags" (see shred). Meaning "close examination" first recorded c.1600.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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