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subsist

[suh b-sist] /səbˈsɪst/
verb (used without object)
1.
to exist; continue in existence.
2.
to remain alive; live, as on food, resources, etc.
3.
to have existence in, or by reason of, something.
4.
to reside, lie, or consist (usually followed by in).
5.
Philosophy.
  1. to have timeless or abstract existence, as a number, relation, etc.
  2. to have existence, especially independent existence.
verb (used with object)
6.
to provide sustenance or support for; maintain.
Origin
1540-1550
1540-50; < Latin subsistere to remain, equivalent to sub- sub- + sistere to stand, make stand; see stand
Related forms
subsistingly, adverb
presubsist, verb (used without object)
self-subsisting, adjective
supersubsist, verb (used without object)
Can be confused
subside, subsist.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for self-subsisting

subsist

/səbˈsɪst/
verb (mainly intransitive)
1.
(often foll by on) to be sustained; manage to live: to subsist on milk
2.
to continue in existence
3.
(foll by in) to lie or reside by virtue (of); consist
4.
(philosophy)
  1. to exist as a concept or relation rather than a fact
  2. to be conceivable
5.
(transitive) (obsolete) to provide with support
Derived Forms
subsistent, adjective
subsister, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin subsistere to stand firm, from sub- up + sistere to make a stand
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for self-subsisting

subsist

v.

1540s, "to exist," from Latin subsistere "to stand still or firm," (see subsistence). Meaning "to support oneself" (in a certain way) is from 1640s. Related: Subsisted; subsisting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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