semianimal

animal

[an-uh-muhl]
noun
1.
any member of the kingdom Animalia, comprising multicellular organisms that have a well-defined shape and usually limited growth, can move voluntarily, actively acquire food and digest it internally, and have sensory and nervous systems that allow them to respond rapidly to stimuli: some classification schemes also include protozoa and certain other single-celled eukaryotes that have motility and animallike nutritional modes.
2.
any such living thing other than a human being.
3.
a mammal, as opposed to a fish, bird, etc.
4.
the physical, sensual, or carnal nature of human beings; animality: the animal in every person.
5.
an inhuman person; brutish or beastlike person: She married an animal.
6.
thing: A perfect job? Is there any such animal?
adjective
7.
of, pertaining to, or derived from animals: animal instincts; animal fats.
8.
pertaining to the physical, sensual, or carnal nature of humans, rather than their spiritual or intellectual nature: animal needs.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English (< Old French) < Latin, noun derivative (with loss of final vowel and shortening of ā) of animāle, neuter of animālis living, animate, equivalent to anim(a) air, breath + -ālis -al1; E adj. also directly < Latin animālis

animalic [an-uh-mal-ik] , animalian [an-uh-mey-lee-uhn, -meyl-yuhn] , adjective
nonanimal, noun, adjective
semianimal, noun, adjective
superanimal, adjective


1, 2. Animal, beast, brute refer to sentient creatures as distinct from minerals and plants; figuratively, they usually connote qualities and characteristics below the human level. Animal is the general word; figuratively, it applies merely to the body or to animal-like characteristics: An athlete is a magnificent animal. Beast refers to four-footed animals; figuratively, it suggests a base, sensual nature: A glutton is a beast. Brute implies absence of ability to reason; figuratively, it connotes savagery as well: a drunken brute. 5. monster. 8. fleshly, physical; beastly, brutal. See carnal.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
animal (ˈænɪməl)
 
n
1.  zoology any living organism characterized by voluntary movement, the possession of cells with noncellulose cell walls and specialized sense organs enabling rapid response to stimuli, and the ingestion of complex organic substances such as plants and other animalsRelated: zoo-
2.  any mammal, esp any mammal except man
3.  a brutish person
4.  facetious a person or thing (esp in the phrase no such animal)
5.  informal (Austral) a very dirty car
 
adj
6.  of, relating to, or derived from animals: animal products; an animal characteristic
7.  of or relating to the physical needs or desires; carnal; sensual
 
Related: zoo-
 
[C14: from Latin animal (n), from animālis (adj) living, breathing; see anima]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

animal
late 14c. (but rare before end of 16c., and not in K.J.V.), from L. animale "living being, being which breathes," neut. of animalis "living, of air," from anima "breath, soul" (see animus). Drove out the older beast in common usage. Used of brutish humans from 1580s. As
an adj., attested from 1540s; animal rights is attested from 1879; animal liberation from 1973. Animal magnetism originally (1784) referred to mesmerism (q.v.). Animalism "the doctrine that man is a mere animal" is from 1857.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

animal an·i·mal (ān'ə-məl)
n.

  1. A multicellular organism with membranous cell walls of the kingdom Animalia, differing from plants in certain typical characteristics such as capacity for locomotion, nonphotosynthetic metabolism, pronounced response to stimuli, restricted growth, and fixed bodily structure.

  2. An animal organism other than a human, especially a mammal.

  3. A human considered with respect to his or her physical, as opposed to spiritual, nature.

adj.
  1. Relating to, characteristic of, or derived from an animal or animals.

  2. Relating to the physical as distinct from the spiritual nature of humans.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
animal   (ān'ə-məl)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of the multicellular organisms belonging to the kingdom Animalia. All animals are eukaryotes, with each of their cells having a nucleus containing DNA. Most animals develop from a blastula and have a digestive tract, nervous system, the ability to move voluntarily, and specialized sensory organs for recognizing and responding to stimuli in the environment. Animals are heterotrophs, feeding on plants, other animals, or organic matter. The first animals probably evolved from protists and appeared during the Precambrian Era.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Animal definition


an organized living creature endowed with sensation. The Levitical law divided animals into clean and unclean, although the distinction seems to have existed before the Flood (Gen. 7:2). The clean could be offered in sacrifice and eaten. All animals that had not cloven hoofs and did not chew the cud were unclean. The list of clean and unclean quadrupeds is set forth in the Levitical law (Deut. 14:3-20; Lev. 11).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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