semolina

[sem-uh-lee-nuh]
noun
a granular, milled product of durum wheat, consisting almost entirely of endosperm particles, used chiefly in the making of pasta.

Origin:
1790–1800; alteration of Italian semolino, equivalent to semol(a) bran (≪ Latin simila flour) + -ino diminutive suffix

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Collins
World English Dictionary
semolina (ˌsɛməˈliːnə)
 
n
the large hard grains of wheat left after flour has been bolted, used for puddings, soups, etc
 
[C18: from Italian semolino, diminutive of semola bran, from Latin simila very fine wheat flour]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

semolina
1797, alteration of It. semolino, dim. of semola "bran," from L. simila "the finest flour," probably from the same Semitic source as Gk. semidalis "the finest flour" (cf. Assyrian samidu, Syrian semida "fine meal").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

semolina

the purified middlings of hard wheat used in making pasta; also, the coarse middlings used for breakfast cereals, puddings, and polenta. See pasta.

Learn more about semolina with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Semolina is durum wheat that is ground more coarsely than regular wheat flours.
Durum wheat or macaroni wheat is also widely used for preparing pasta and
  semolina.
The company already has pasta customers that request specialized semolina.
Part of the research will also be directed at improving semolina yellowness.
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