[v. sep-uh-reyt; adj., n. sep-er-it]
verb (used with object), separated, separating.
to keep apart or divide, as by an intervening barrier or space: to separate two fields by a fence.
to put, bring, or force apart; part: to separate two fighting boys.
to set apart; disconnect; dissociate: to separate church and state.
to remove or sever from association, service, etc., especially legally or formally: He was separated from the army right after V-E Day.
to sort, part, divide, or disperse (an assemblage, mass, compound, etc.), as into individual units, components, or elements.
to take by parting or dividing; extract (usually followed by from or out ): to separate metal from ore.
Mathematics. to write (the variables of a differential equation) in a form in which the differentials of the independent and dependent variables are, respectively, functions of these variables alone: We can separate the variables to solve the equation. Compare separation of variables.
verb (used without object), separated, separating.
to part company; withdraw from personal association (often followed by from ): to separate from a church.
(of a married pair) to stop living together but without getting a divorce.
to draw or come apart; become divided, disconnected, or detached.
to become parted from a mass or compound: Cream separates from milk.
to take or go in different directions: We have to separate at the crossroad.
detached, disconnected, or disjoined.
unconnected; distinct; unique: two separate questions.
being or standing apart; distant or dispersed: two separate houses; The desert has widely separate oases.
existing or maintained independently: separate organizations.
individual or particular: each separate item.
not shared; individual or private: separate checks; separate rooms.
(sometimes initial capital letter) noting or pertaining to a church or other organization no longer associated with the original or parent organization.
Usually, separates. women's outer garments that may be worn in combination with a variety of others to make different ensembles, as matching and contrasting blouses, skirts, and sweaters.
offprint ( def 1 ).
a bibliographical unit, as an article, chapter, or other portion of a larger work, printed from the same type but issued separately, sometimes with additional pages.

1400–50; late Middle English (noun and adj.) < Latin sēparātus (past participle of sēparāre), equivalent to sē- se- + par(āre) to furnish, produce, obtain, prepare + -ātus -ate1

separately, adverb
separateness, noun
nonseparating, adjective
preseparate, verb (used with object), preseparated, preseparating.
reseparate, verb, reseparated, reseparating.
unseparate, adjective
unseparately, adverb
unseparateness, noun
unseparated, adjective
unseparating, adjective
well-separated, adjective

1, 2. sever, sunder, split. Separate, divide imply a putting apart or keeping apart of things from each other. To separate is to remove from each other things previously associated: to separate a mother from her children. To divide is to split or break up carefully according to measurement, rule, or plan: to divide a cake into equal parts. 3. disjoin, disengage. 13. unattached, severed, discrete. 15. secluded, isolated. 16. independent.

1–3. unite, connect. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
1.  (tr) to act as a barrier between: a range of mountains separates the two countries
2.  to put or force or be put or forced apart
3.  to part or be parted from a mass or group
4.  (tr) to discriminate between: to separate the men from the boys
5.  to divide or be divided into component parts; sort or be sorted
6.  to sever or be severed
7.  (intr) (of a married couple) to cease living together by mutual agreement or after obtaining a decree of judicial separation
8.  existing or considered independently: a separate problem
9.  disunited or apart
10.  set apart from the main body or mass
11.  distinct, individual, or particular
12.  solitary or withdrawn
13.  (sometimes capital) designating or relating to a Church or similar institution that has ceased to have associations with an original parent organization
[C15: from Latin sēparāre, from sē- apart + parāre to obtain]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., from L. separatus, pp. of separare "to pull apart," from se- "apart" (see secret) + parare "make ready, prepare" (see pare). Sever (q.v.) is a doublet, via French. The adj. meaning "detached, kept apart" is
first recorded c.1600, from the pp. used as an adjective. Separate but equal in ref. to U.S. segregation policies on railroads is attested from 1890. Separate development, official name of apartheid in South Africa, is from 1955.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for separate
Thus he proposed to unite the separate phenomena of body, man, and the state.
Each episode was an independent dramatisation of a separate science fiction
  short story.
A separate criminology & investigative sciences major was later added.
These different dispensations are not separate ways of salvation.
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