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Sephardim

[suh-fahr-dim, -fahr-deem] /səˈfɑr dɪm, -fɑrˈdim/
plural noun, singular Sephardi
[suh-fahr-dee, suh-fahr-dee] /səˈfɑr di, sə fɑrˈdi/ (Show IPA)
1.
Jews of Spain and Portugal or their descendants, distinguished from the Ashkenazim and other Jewish communities chiefly by their liturgy, religious customs, and pronunciation of Hebrew: after expulsion from Spain and Portugal in 1492, established communities in North Africa, the Balkans, Western Europe, and elsewhere.
Origin
1850-1855
1850-55; < Modern Hebrew Səphāraddīm, plural of Səphāraddī, equivalent to < Hebrew Səphāradh (region mentioned in Bible (Obadiah 20) and assumed to be Spain) + suffix of appurtenance
Related forms
Sephardic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sephardi

Sephardi

/sɪˈfɑːdiː/
noun (Judaism) (pl) -dim (-dɪm)
1.
  1. a Jew of Spanish, Portuguese, or North African descent
  2. (loosely) any Oriental Jew
2.
the pronunciation of Hebrew used by these Jews, and of Modern Hebrew as spoken in Israel
3.
(modifier) of or pertaining to the Sephardim, esp to their liturgy and ritual
4.
(modifier) of or pertaining to the liturgy adopted by certain European, esp Chassidic, communities who believe it to be more authentic but nonetheless differing from the genuine Oriental liturgy
Compare Ashkenazi
Derived Forms
Sephardic, adjective
Word Origin
C19: from Late Hebrew, from Hebrew sepharad a region mentioned in Obadiah 20, thought to have been Spain
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for sephardi

Sephardim

plural of Sephardi "a Spanish or Portuguese Jew" (1851), from Modern Hebrew Sepharaddim "Spaniards, Jews of Spain," from Sepharad, name of a country mentioned only in Obad. v:20, probably meaning "Asia Minor" or a part of it (Lydia, Phrygia), but identified by the rabbis after the Jonathan Targum as "Spain." Related: Sephardic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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