Sephardic

Sephardim

[suh-fahr-dim, -fahr-deem]
plural noun, singular Sephardi [suh-fahr-dee, suh-fahr-dee] .
Jews of Spain and Portugal or their descendants, distinguished from the Ashkenazim and other Jewish communities chiefly by their liturgy, religious customs, and pronunciation of hebrew: after expulsion from Spain and Portugal in 1492, established communities in North Africa, the Balkans, Western Europe, and elsewhere.

Origin:
1850–55; < Modern Hebrew Səphāraddīm, plural of Səphāraddī, equivalent to < Hebrew Səphāradh (region mentioned in Bible (Obadiah 20) and assumed to be Spain) + suffix of appurtenance

Sephardic, adjective
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Sephardi (sɪˈfɑːdiː)
 
n , pl -dim
1.  a.  a Jew of Spanish, Portuguese, or North African descent
 b.  (loosely) any Oriental Jew
2.  the pronunciation of Hebrew used by these Jews, and of Modern Hebrew as spoken in Israel
3.  (modifier) of or pertaining to the Sephardim, esp to their liturgy and ritual
4.  (modifier) of or pertaining to the liturgy adopted by certain European, esp Chassidic, communities who believe it to be more authentic but nonetheless differing from the genuine Oriental liturgy
 
[C19: from Late Hebrew, from Hebrew sepharad a region mentioned in Obadiah 20, thought to have been Spain]
 
Se'phardic
 
adj

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Word Origin & History

Sephardim
pl. of Sephardi "a Spanish or Portuguese Jew" (1851), from Mod.Heb. Sepharaddim "Spaniards, Jews of Spain," from Sepharad, name of a country mentioned only in Obad. v:20, probably meaning "Asia Minor" or a country in it (Lydia, Phrygia), but identified by the rabbis after Jonathan Targum as "Spain."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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