a small shining disk or spangle used for ornamentation, as on women's clothing and accessories or on theatrical costumes.
a former gold coin of Venice, introduced in 1284; ducat.
a former gold coin of Malta, introduced c1535.
a former gold coin of Turkey, introduced in 1478.
Also, zecchino, zechin (for defs 2–4).

1575–85; < French sequin < Italian zecchino, equivalent to zecc(a) mint (< Arabic sikkah die, coin) + -ino -ine2

sequined, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sequin (ˈsiːkwɪn)
1.  a small piece of shiny often coloured metal foil or plastic, usually round, used to decorate garments, etc
2.  Also called: zecchino any of various gold coins that were formerly minted in Italy, Turkey, and Malta
[C17: via French from Italian zecchino, from zecca mint, from Arabic sikkah die for striking coins]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1617, name of a former Italian and Turkish gold coin, from Fr. sequin, from It. zecchino, from zecca "a mint," from Ar. sikkah "a minting die." Meaning "ornamental disc or spangle" is first recorded 1882, from resemblance to a gold coin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Carefully hoarded pocket money vanishes in a flash inside that emporium of
  rhinestone earrings, sequined slippers and beaded bags.
Partial clearing, low waves sequined by a sharp breeze.
Artificial ostrich plumes rise five feet above sequined shoulder frames with a
  train of white net streamers.
Their dancer spun around, sequined head veils flying, adding to the whole
  spirit of merriment.
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