a noncommissioned army officer of a rank above that of corporal.
U.S. Air force. any noncommissioned officer above the rank of airman first class.
a police officer ranking immediately below a captain or a lieutenant in the U.S. and immediately below an inspector in Britain.
a title of a particular office or function at the court of a monarch (often used in combination): sergeant of the larder; sergeant-caterer.
Also called sergeant at law. British. (formerly) a member of a superior order of barristers.
(initial capital letter) a surface-to-surface, single-stage, U.S. ballistic missile.
a tenant by military service, below the rank of knight.
Also, especially British, serjeant (for defs 1–7, 9).

1150–1200; Middle English sergant, serjant, serjaunt < Old French sergent < Latin servient- (stem of serviēns), present participle of servīre. See serve, -ent

sergeancy [sahr-juhn-see] , sergeantship, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sergeant (ˈsɑːdʒənt)
1.  a noncommissioned officer in certain armed forces, usually ranking above a corporal
2.  a.  (in Britain) a police officer ranking between constable and inspector
 b.  (in the US) a police officer ranking below a captain
3.  See sergeant at arms
4.  a court or municipal officer who has ceremonial duties
5.  (formerly) a tenant by military service, not of knightly rank
6.  See serjeant at law
[C12: from Old French sergent, from Latin serviēns, literally: serving, from servīre to serve]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1200, "servant," from O.Fr. sergent, from M.L. servientum (nom. serviens) "servant, vassal, soldier" (in L.L. "public official"), from L. servientem "serving," prp. of servire "to serve" (see serve); cognate with Sp. sirviente, It. servente. Specific sense of "military servant"
is attested from late 13c.; that of "officer whose duty is to enforce judgments of a tribunal or legislative body" is from c.1300 (sergeant at arms is attested from late 14c.). Meaning "non-commissioned military officer" first recorded 1540s. Originally a much more important rank than presently. As a police rank, in Great Britain from 1839. Colloquial shortening sarge is attested from 1867. M.E. alternative spelling serjeant (from O.Fr.) was retained in Britain in special use as title of a superior order of barristers (c.1300, from legal L. serviens ad legem, "one who serves (the king) in matters of law"), abolished 1880, from which Common Law judges were chosen; also used of certain other officers of the royal household. sergeant-major is from 1570s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Sergeants definition

Acts 16:35, 38 (R.V., "lictors"), officers who attended the magistrates and assisted them in the execution of justice.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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