[skrah-fee-toh; Italian zgrahf-fee-taw]
noun, plural sgraffiti [skrah-fee-tee; Italian zgrahf-fee-tee] .
a technique of ornamentation in which a surface layer of paint, plaster, slip, etc., is incised to reveal a ground of contrasting color.
an object, especially pottery, decorated by this technique.
Compare graffito.

1720–30; < Italian, past participle of sgraffire to do graffito work, derivative of sgraffio a scratch, implement for drawing, itself derivative of (s)graffiare to scratch, draw on plaster with a pointed tool; see ex1, graffito Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sgraffito (sɡræˈfiːtəʊ)
n , pl -ti
1.  a technique in mural or ceramic decoration in which the top layer of glaze, plaster, etc, is incised with a design to reveal parts of the ground
2.  such a decoration
3.  an object decorated in such a way
[C18: from Italian, from sgraffire to scratch; see graffiti]

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