|a state of Peninsular Malaysia, on the Strait of Malacca: established as a British protectorate in 1874, became a Federated Malay State in 1896 and part of Malaysia in 1946; tin producer. Capital: Shah Alam. Pop: 4 188 876 (2000). Area: 7955 sq km (3071 sq miles)|
city, western Peninsular (West) Malaysia. Shah Alam lies about 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Kuala Lumpur and just east of Klang (Kelang). The city has an industrial estate where food and tobacco products are processed and electrical machinery, cement, chemical, and textile products are manufactured. The city is the home of the Institut Teknoloji MARA (founded 1956), the Tun Abdul Razak Library (named for Malaysia's second prime minister), and the Standards and Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia. Pop. (2000) 319,612.
Learn more about Shah Alam with a free trial on Britannica.com.