shahdom

shah

[shah, shaw]
noun (often initial capital letter)
(formerly, in Iran) king; sovereign.

Origin:
1560–70; < Persian: king

shahdom, noun
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World English Dictionary
shah (ʃɑː)
 
n
a ruler of certain Middle Eastern countries, esp (formerly) Iran
 
[C16: from Persian: king]
 
'shahdom
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

shah
title of the king of Persia, 1564, shaw, from Pers. shah, shortened from O.Pers. xayathiya "king," cognate with Skt. xatra "dominion;" Gk. krasthai "to acquire, get," kektesthai "to possess." His wife is a shahbanu (from banu "lady"); his son is a shahzadah (from zadah "son").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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