shallot

[shal-uht, shuh-lot]
noun
1.
a plant, Allium cepa aggregatum (or A. ascalonicum ), related to the onion, having a divided bulb used for flavoring in cookery.
2.
the bulb of this plant.

Origin:
1655–65; aphetic variant of earlier eschalot < French échalote, diminutive of Middle French eschaloigne scallion

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World English Dictionary
shallot (ʃəˈlɒt)
 
n
1.  Also called: scallion an alliaceous plant, Allium ascalonicum, cultivated for its edible bulb
2.  the bulb of this plant, which divides into small sections and is used in cooking for flavouring and as a vegetable
 
[C17: from Old French eschalotte, from Old French eschaloigne, from Latin Ascalōnia caepa Ascalonian onion, from Ascalon, a Palestinian town]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

shallot
1664, from Fr. échalote, from M.Fr. eschalotte, from O.Fr. eschaloigne, from V.L. *escalonia (see scallion).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Place the pumpkin, carrots and squash in alternating rows over the shallots.
Neatly arrange the pieces of codfish over the shallots.
In the last minute of cooking add the shallots to the pan.
Then, you blend together shallots, dried chilies and garlic to form a spice
  paste.
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