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shammes

/ˈʃɑːməs; Hebrew ʃaˈmaʃ/
noun (Judaism) (pl) shammosim, shammashim (Hebrew) (ʃaˈmɔsɪm)
1.
an official acting as the beadle, sexton, and caretaker of a synagogue
2.
the extra candle used on the Feast of Hanukkah to kindle the lamps or candles of the menorah
Word Origin
from Hebrew shāmmāsh, from Aramaic shĕmāsh to serve
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for shammash

shamash

salaried sexton in a Jewish synagogue whose duties now generally include secretarial work and assistance to the cantor, or hazan, who directs the public service.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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