shammash

World English Dictionary
shammes or shammash (ˈʃɑːməs, Hebrew ʃaˈmaʃ, ˈʃɑːməs, Hebrew ʃaˈmaʃ)
 
n , pl shammosim, shammashim
1.  an official acting as the beadle, sexton, and caretaker of a synagogue
2.  the extra candle used on the Feast of Hanukkah to kindle the lamps or candles of the menorah
 
[from Hebrew shāmmāsh, from Aramaic shĕmāsh to serve]
 
shammash or shammash (ˈʃɑːməs, Hebrew ʃaˈmaʃ, ˈʃɑːməs, Hebrew ʃaˈmaʃ, ʃaˈmɔsɪm)
 
n
 
[from Hebrew shāmmāsh, from Aramaic shĕmāsh to serve]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

shammash

salaried sexton in a Jewish synagogue whose duties now generally include secretarial work and assistance to the cantor, or hazan, who directs the public service.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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