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Shantou

[shahn-toh] /ˈʃɑnˈtoʊ/
noun, Pinyin.
1.
a seaport in E Guangdong province, in SE China.
Also, Swatow.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Shantou

Shantou

/ˈʃænˈtaʊ/
noun
1.
a port in SE China, in E Guangdong near the mouth of the Han River: became a treaty port in 1869. Pop: 1 356 000 (2005 est) Also called Swatow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for Shantou

city in eastern Guangdong sheng (province), southern China. It lies on the coast of the South China Sea a short distance west of the mouth of the Han River, which, with its tributary, the Mei River, drains most of eastern Guangdong. The Han forms a delta, and Shantou is on an inlet that extends about 10 miles (16 km) inland on the southwestern part of the delta. The city stands at the narrow seaward end of this inlet, where the delta on the north shore approaches the rocky promontory to the south. The harbour is impeded by a sandbar and is subject to irregular weather and typhoons. In 1922 a typhoon wrecked the port and killed some 50,000 people. In spite of these disadvantages, Shantou is the regional centre and chief port for the eastern part of Guangdong. The Han is navigable by shallow-draft boats to Meizhou, some 35 miles (55 km) above Xingning.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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