1 [shair]
the full or proper portion or part allotted or belonging to or contributed or owed by an individual or group.
one of the equal fractional parts into which the capital stock of a joint-stock company or a corporation is divided.
Digital Technology.
a digital file or document that can be accessed by specific users on a computer network, as for viewing, downloading, or making changes to it: I just sent you a share—can you improve the second paragraph?
an act of sharing online content with specific users on a computer network: You can do a video share with friends and family.
verb (used with object), shared, sharing.
to divide and distribute in shares; apportion.
to use, participate in, enjoy, receive, etc., jointly: The two chemists shared the Nobel prize.
Digital Technology. to give specific users access to (online content), as by posting it on a social-networking website or sending it as an email attachment: to share photos on Instagram; a shared spreadsheet.
verb (used without object), shared, sharing.
to have a share or part; take part (often followed by in ).
to divide, apportion, or receive equally.
Digital Technology. to give specific users access to online content: You can share via email, Facebook, or Twitter.
Digital Technology. pertaining to or noting the practice of sharing online content with specific users on a computer network: Add a share button to your site.
on/upon shares, on the principle of sharing the profits or losses of an undertaking: They agreed to work on shares.

1325–75; Middle English (noun) cutting, division; Old English scearu fork of the body, groin; cognate with Dutch schaar, German Schar troop. See shear

sharable, shareable, adjective
sharer, noun
half-shared, adjective
nonsharing, adjective, noun
unsharable, adjective
unshareable, adjective
unshared, adjective
unsharing, adjective

1. allotment, allocation; contribution, assessment; quota, lot. 3. allot, parcel out, deal out, dole, mete. 5. Share, partake, participate mean to join with others or to receive in common with others. To share is to give or receive a part of something, or to enjoy or assume something in common: to share in another's experiences. To partake is to take for one's own personal use a portion of something: to partake of food. To participate is especially to join with others in some thought, feeling, or, particularly, some action: to participate in a race, in a conversation. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
share1 (ʃɛə)
1.  a part or portion of something owned, allotted to, or contributed by a person or group
2.  (often plural) ordinary shares See also preference shares any of the equal parts, usually of low par value, into which the capital stock of a company is divided: ownership of shares carries the right to receive a proportion of the company's profits
3.  informal go shares to share (something) with another or others
vb (often foll by out) (when intr, often foll by in)
4.  to divide or apportion, esp equally
5.  to receive or contribute a portion of: we can share the cost of the petrol; six people shared in the inheritance
6.  to join with another or others in the use of (something): can I share your umbrella?
[Old English scearu; related to Old Norse skor amount, Old High German scara crowd; see shear]

share2 (ʃɛə)
short for ploughshare
[Old English scear; related to Old Norse skeri, Old High German scaro]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"portion," O.E. scearu "a cutting, shearing, division," related to sceran "to cut," from P.Gmc. *skaro- (cf. O.H.G. scara "troop, share of forced labor," Ger. Schar "troop, band," prop. "a part of an army," O.N. skör "rim"), from PIE base *sker- "to cut" (see shear).
Meaning "part of the capital of a joint stock company" is first attested 1601. Shareholder first attested 1828. To share-crop is first recorded 1867.

"iron blade of a plow," O.E. scear, scær "plowshare," prop. "that which cuts," from P.Gmc. *skar- (cf. O.Fris. skere, M.L.G. schar, O.H.G. scar, Ger. Schar, Du. ploegschaar, M.H.G. pfluocschar), from PIE base *(s)ker- "to cut" (see shear).

1586, to apportion to someone as his share," from share (n.1). Meaning "to divide one's own and give part to others" is recorded from 1592.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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