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[shair] /ʃɛər/
the full or proper portion or part allotted or belonging to or contributed or owed by an individual or group.
one of the equal fractional parts into which the capital stock of a joint-stock company or a corporation is divided.
Digital Technology.
  1. a digital file or document that can be accessed by specific users on a computer network, as for viewing, downloading, or making changes to it:
    I just sent you a share—can you improve the second paragraph?
  2. an act of sharing online content with specific users on a computer network:
    You can do a video share with friends and family.
verb (used with object), shared, sharing.
to divide and distribute in shares; apportion.
to use, participate in, enjoy, receive, etc., jointly:
The two chemists shared the Nobel prize.
Digital Technology. to give specific users access to (online content), as by posting it on a social-media website or sending it as an email attachment:
to share photos on Instagram; a shared spreadsheet.
verb (used without object), shared, sharing.
to have a share or part; take part (often followed by in).
to divide, apportion, or receive equally.
Digital Technology. to give specific users access to online content:
You can share via email, Facebook, or Twitter.
Digital Technology. noting or relating to the practice of sharing online content with specific users on a computer network:
Add a share button to your site.
on / upon shares, on the principle of sharing the profits or losses of an undertaking:
They agreed to work on shares.
Origin of share1
1325-75; Middle English (noun) cutting, division; Old English scearu fork of the body, groin; cognate with Dutch schaar, German Schar troop. See shear
Related forms
sharable, shareable, adjective
sharer, noun
half-shared, adjective
nonsharing, adjective, noun
unsharable, adjective
unshareable, adjective
unshared, adjective
unsharing, adjective
1. allotment, allocation; contribution, assessment; quota, lot. 4. allot, parcel out, deal out, dole, mete. 7. Share, partake, participate mean to join with others or to receive in common with others. To share is to give or receive a part of something, or to enjoy or assume something in common: to share in another's experiences. To partake is to take for one's own personal use a portion of something: to partake of food. To participate is especially to join with others in some thought, feeling, or, particularly, some action: to participate in a race, in a conversation. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for sharer
Historical Examples
  • Luciè, the sharer of their fortunes,—where should he seek her?

    The Rivals of Acadia Harriet Vaughan Cheney
  • There were four persons who were the sharer of Norbert's secret.

    The Champdoce Mystery Emile Gaboriau
  • Thus I allowed myself to become a sharer in this wicked thing.

    A Tale of the Kloster Brother Jabez
  • Nor is there anyone but he With right can there a sharer be.

    The Pigeon Pie Charlotte M. Yonge
  • And thou thyself grievest at least, and art a sharer in these ills.

  • She was the sharer of all Nell's woes, and of all but one of her joys.

  • Beowulf is still, in his death, a sharer in the fortunes of the Northern houses; he keeps his history.

    Epic and Romance W. P. Ker
  • He has been the sharer of my dangers—of late no common ones.

    The Lone Ranche Captain Mayne Reid
  • I blame myself more than I do you; but I look to you as a second self, and I make you a sharer with me of my own folly.

    Life of Cicero Anthony Trollope
  • The origins of the middle story, The Secret sharer, are quite other.

    Notes on My Books Joseph Conrad
British Dictionary definitions for sharer


a part or portion of something owned, allotted to, or contributed by a person or group
(often pl) any of the equal parts, usually of low par value, into which the capital stock of a company is divided: ownership of shares carries the right to receive a proportion of the company's profits See also ordinary shares, preference shares
(informal) go shares, to share (something) with another or others
(transitive) often foll by out. to divide or apportion, esp equally
when intr, often foll by in. to receive or contribute a portion of: we can share the cost of the petrol, six people shared in the inheritance
to join with another or others in the use of (something): can I share your umbrella?
Derived Forms
sharable, shareable, adjective
sharer, noun
Word Origin
Old English scearu; related to Old Norse skor amount, Old High German scara crowd; see shear


short for ploughshare
Word Origin
Old English scear; related to Old Norse skeri, Old High German scaro
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sharer



"portion," Old English scearu "a cutting, shearing, tonsure; a part or division," related to sceran "to cut," from Proto-Germanic *skaro- (cf. Old High German scara "troop, share of forced labor," German Schar "troop, band," properly "a part of an army," Old Norse skör "rim"), from PIE root *(s)ker- (1) "to cut" (see shear).

Meaning "part of the capital of a joint stock company" is first attested c.1600. Share and share alike attested from 1560s. The same Old English noun in the sense "division" led to an obsolete noun share "fork ('division') of the body at the groin; pubic region" (late Old English and Middle English); hence share-bone "pubis" (early 15c.).

"iron blade of a plow," Old English scear, scær "plowshare," properly "that which cuts," from Proto-Germanic *skar- (cf. Old Frisian skere, Middle Low German schar, Old High German scar, German Schar, Dutch ploegschaar, Middle High German pfluocschar), from PIE root *(s)ker- (1) "to cut" (see shear).


1580s, "to apportion to someone as his share; to apportion out to others; to enjoy or suffer (something) with others," from share (n.1). Meaning "to divide one's own and give part to others" is recorded from 1590s. Meaning "confess one's sins openly" (1932, implied in sharing) is from "the language of Moral Rearmament" [OED]. Related: Shared; sharer; sharing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with sharer


In addition to the idiom beginning with share also see: lion's share
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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