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Sharjah

constituent emirate of the United Arab Emirates (formerly Trucial States, or Trucial Oman). Some of Al-Shariqah's interior boundaries are only presumptive, but its main portion is an irregularly shaped tract, oriented northwest-southeast, stretching about 60 miles (100 km) from the Persian Gulf (northwest) to the central inland region of the Oman promontory (southeast). Al-Shariqah also has three coastal enclaves on the eastern, or Gulf of Oman, side of the promontory; they are, from north to south, Diba (ownership of which is shared with Al-Fujayrah emirate and the sultanate of Oman), Khawr Fakkan, and Kalba. Because of the extreme political fragmentation in the region, Al-Shariqah, including its enclaves, has common boundaries with each of the six other emirates of the union, as well as with the sultanate of Oman. The capital and chief urban settlement is Al-Shariqah city, situated on the Persian Gulf.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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