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sharp

[shahrp] /ʃɑrp/
adjective, sharper, sharpest.
1.
having a thin cutting edge or a fine point; well-adapted for cutting or piercing:
a sharp knife.
2.
terminating in an edge or point; not blunt or rounded:
The table had sharp corners.
3.
involving a sudden or abrupt change in direction or course:
a sharp curve in the road; The car made a sharp turn.
4.
abrupt, as an ascent:
a sharp drop.
5.
consisting of angular lines and pointed forms or of thin, long features:
He had a sharp face.
6.
clearly defined; distinct:
a sharp photographic image.
7.
distinct or marked, as a contrast:
sharp differences of opinion.
8.
pungent or biting in taste:
a sharp cheese.
9.
piercing or shrill in sound:
a sharp cry.
10.
keenly cold, as weather:
a sharp, biting wind.
11.
felt acutely; intense; distressing:
sharp pain.
12.
merciless, caustic, or harsh:
sharp words.
13.
fierce or violent:
a sharp struggle.
14.
keen or eager:
sharp desire.
15.
quick, brisk, or spirited.
16.
alert or vigilant:
They kept a sharp watch for the enemy.
17.
mentally acute:
a sharp lad.
18.
extremely sensitive or responsive; keen:
sharp vision; sharp hearing.
19.
shrewd or astute:
a sharp bargainer.
20.
shrewd to the point of dishonesty:
sharp practice.
21.
Music.
  1. (of a tone) raised a chromatic half step in pitch:
    F sharp.
  2. above an intended pitch, as a note; too high (opposed to flat).
22.
Informal. very stylish:
a sharp dresser; a sharp jacket.
23.
Radio, Electronics. of, relating to, or responsive to a very narrow range of frequencies.
Compare broadband.
24.
Phonetics. fortis; voiceless.
25.
composed of hard, angular grains, as sand.
verb (used with object)
26.
Music. to raise in pitch, especially by one chromatic half step.
verb (used without object)
27.
to sound above the true pitch.
adverb
28.
keenly or acutely.
29.
abruptly or suddenly:
to pull a horse up sharp.
30.
punctually:
Meet me at one o'clock sharp.
31.
32.
briskly; quickly.
33.
Music. above the true pitch:
You're singing a little sharp.
noun
34.
something sharp.
35.
Usually, sharps. a medium-length needle with a rounded eye and a sharp point, used for all-purpose hand sewing.
36.
a sharper.
37.
Informal. an expert.
38.
Music.
  1. a tone one chromatic half step above a given tone.
  2. (in musical notation) the symbol ♯ indicating this.
Origin
900
before 900; (adj.) Middle English; Old English scearp; cognate with German scharf; akin to Irish cearb a cut (noun), keen (adj.); (adv.) Middle English; Old English scearpe, derivative of the adj.; (noun) Middle English, derivative of the adj.; (v.) derivative of the adj.
Related forms
sharply, adverb
sharpness, noun
oversharp, adjective
supersharp, adjective
ultrasharp, adjective
unsharp, adjective
unsharply, adverb
unsharpness, noun
unsharped, adjective
unsharping, adjective
Synonyms
1. Sharp, keen refer to the edge or point of an instrument, tool, and the like. Sharp applies, in general, to a cutting edge or a point capable of piercing: a sharp knife; a sharp point. Keen is usually applied to sharp edges: a keen sword blade. 6. clear. 8. acrid, bitter, piquant, sour. 10. piercing, nipping, biting. 11. severe, excruciating. 12. unmerciful, cutting, acid, acrimonious, pointed, biting. 16. attentive. 17. clever, discriminating, discerning, perspicacious. As applied to mental qualities, sharp, keen, intelligent, quick have varying implications. Sharp suggests an acute, sensitive, alert, penetrating quality: a sharp mind. Keen implies observant, incisive, and vigorous: a keen intellect. Intelligent means not only acute, alert, and active, but also able to reason and understand: an intelligent reader. Quick suggests lively and rapid comprehension, prompt response to instruction, and the like: quick at figures. 20. shady, deceitful.
Antonyms
1. dull.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for sharply
  • Local terrain can sharply modify the climate within any zone.
  • Tap sharply on the bottom and sides to loosen the root ball.
  • Bob held the stage with his actor's baritone and theatrical chuckle, his eyes crinkled and sharply alert.
  • The road to the holy mountain turns sharply to the east and begins to climb.
  • Over time, violence in the outlying areas of the cities dropped sharply and land values rose.
  • Unlike home values, the value of human capital isn't likely to drop sharply in a year, he says.
  • Tuition fees continue to rise sharply relative to the incomes of college graduates.
  • The signals can change sharply in as little as one fiftieth of a second.
  • We see it sharply now that everyone is worried about jobs, fulfilling energy needs and feeding the world.
  • Particulates drop sharply, nitrogen oxides next to improve.
British Dictionary definitions for sharply

sharp

/ʃɑːp/
adjective
1.
having a keen edge suitable for cutting
2.
having an edge or point; not rounded or blunt
3.
involving a sudden change, esp in direction: a sharp bend
4.
moving, acting, or reacting quickly, efficiently, etc: sharp reflexes
5.
clearly defined
6.
mentally acute; clever; astute
7.
sly or artful; clever in an underhand way: sharp practice
8.
bitter or harsh: sharp words
9.
shrill or penetrating: a sharp cry
10.
having an acrid taste
11.
keen; biting: a sharp wind, sharp pain
12.
(music)
  1. (immediately postpositive) denoting a note that has been raised in pitch by one chromatic semitone: B sharp
  2. (of an instrument, voice, etc) out of tune by being or tending to be too high in pitch Compare flat1 (sense 23)
13.
(phonetics) a less common word for fortis
14.
(informal)
  1. stylish
  2. too smart
15.
at the sharp end, involved in the area of any activity where there is most difficulty, competition, danger, etc
adverb
16.
in a sharp manner
17.
exactly: six o'clock sharp
18.
(music)
  1. higher than a standard pitch
  2. out of tune by being or tending to be too high in pitch: she sings sharp Compare flat1 (sense 29)
noun
19.
(music)
  1. an accidental that raises the pitch of the following note by one chromatic semitone Usual symbol
  2. a note affected by this accidental Compare flat1 (sense 35)
20.
a thin needle with a sharp point
21.
(informal) a sharper
22.
(usually pl) any medical instrument with sharp point or edge, esp a hypodermic needle
verb
23.
(transitive) (music, US & Canadian) to raise the pitch of (a note), esp by one chromatic semitone Usual equivalent in Britain and certain other countries) sharpen
interjection
24.
(South African, slang) an exclamation of full agreement or approval
Derived Forms
sharply, adverb
sharpness, noun
Word Origin
Old English scearp; related to Old Norse skarpr, Old High German scarpf, Old Irish cerb, Lettish skarbs

Sharp

/ʃɑːp/
noun
1.
Cecil (James). 1859–1924, British musician, best known for collecting, editing, and publishing English folk songs
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sharply
adv.

Old English scearplice "acutely, keenly; painfully, severely; attentively, quickly;" see sharp (adj.) + -ly (2). Old English also had adverbial form scearpe "sharply."

sharp

adj.

Old English scearp "having a cutting edge; pointed; intellectually acute, active, shrewd; keen (of senses); severe; biting, bitter (of tastes)," from Proto-Germanic *skarpaz, literally "cutting" (cf. Old Saxon scarp, Old Norse skarpr, Old Frisian skerp, Dutch scherp, German scharf "sharp"), from PIE *(s)ker- (1) "to cut" (cf. Lettish skarbs "sharp," Middle Irish cerb "cutting;" see shear).

The figurative meaning "acute or penetrating in intellect or perception" was in Old English; hence "keenly alive to one's own interests, quick to take advantage" (1690s). Of words or talk, "cutting, sarcastic," from early 13c. Meaning "distinct in contour" is from 1670s. The adverbial meaning "abruptly" is from 1836; that of "promptly" is first attested 1840. The musical meaning "half step above (a given tone)" is from 1570s. Meaning "stylish" is from 1944, hepster slang, from earlier general slang sense of "excellent" (1940). Phrase sharp as a tack first recorded 1912 (sharp as a needle has been around since Old English). Sharp-shinned attested from 1704 of persons, 1813 of hawks.

n.

"a cheat at games," 1797, short for sharper (1680s) in this sense. Meaning "expert, connoisseur" is attested from 1840, and likely is from sharp (adj.). Music sense is from 1570s. The noun was used 14c. as "a sharp weapon, edge of a sword."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for sharply

sharp

adjective
  1. Stylish; of the latest and most sophisticated sort: He wore bow ties and sharp suits (1940+ Jive talk)
  2. Good; excellent; admirable; cool: I sound like everything was sharp (1940+ Jive talk)
noun
  1. An expert, esp at card games; pro: Hurstwood's a regular sharp (1840+)
  2. (also sharper) A confidence trickster; a swindler, esp a dishonest card player; cardsharp (1688+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Related Abbreviations for sharply

SHARP

Skinheads Against Racial Prejudice
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Idioms and Phrases with sharply
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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15
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