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shave

[sheyv] /ʃeɪv/
verb (used without object), shaved, shaved or (especially in combination) shaven, shaving.
1.
to remove a growth of beard with a razor.
verb (used with object), shaved, shaved or (especially in combination) shaven, shaving.
2.
to remove hair from (the face, legs, etc.) by cutting it off close to the skin with a razor.
3.
to cut off (hair, especially the beard) close to the skin with a razor (often followed by off or away).
4.
to cut or scrape away the surface of with a sharp-edged tool:
to shave hides in preparing leather.
5.
to reduce to shavings or thin slices:
to shave wood.
6.
to cut or trim closely:
to shave a lawn.
7.
to scrape, graze, or come very near to:
The car just shaved the garage door.
8.
Commerce. to purchase (a note) at a rate of discount greater than is legal or customary.
9.
to reduce or deduct from:
The store shaved the price of winter suits in the spring.
noun
10.
the act, process, or an instance of shaving or being shaved.
11.
a thin slice; shaving.
12.
any of various tools for shaving, scraping, removing thin slices, etc.
Origin
900
before 900; (v.) Middle English schaven, schafen, Old English sc(e)afan; cognate with Dutch schaven to plane (a plank), abrade (the skin), Low German schaven, German schaben, Old Norse skafa to scrape, Gothic skaban to shear, shave; (noun) Middle English schave tool for shaving, Old English sc(e)afa, derivative of the v.
Related forms
shavable, shaveable, adjective
reshave, verb, reshaved, reshaving.
unshavable, adjective
unshaveable, adjective
unshaved, adjective
well-shaved, adjective
Synonyms
7. brush, glance, touch.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for shave
  • Nuns shave their heads and eyebrows and generally follow the same precepts as monks.
British Dictionary definitions for shave

shave

/ʃeɪv/
verb (mainly transitive) shaves, shaving, shaved, shaved, shaven
1.
(also intransitive) to remove (the beard, hair, etc) from (the face, head, or body) by scraping the skin with a razor
2.
to cut or trim very closely
3.
to reduce to shavings
4.
to remove thin slices from (wood, etc) with a sharp cutting tool; plane or pare
5.
to touch or graze in passing
6.
(informal) to reduce (a price) by a slight amount
7.
(US, commerce) to purchase (a commercial paper) at a greater rate of discount than is customary or legal
noun
8.
the act or an instance of shaving
9.
any tool for scraping
10.
a thin slice or shaving
11.
an instance of barely touching something
12.
(informal) close shave, a narrow escape
Derived Forms
shavable, shaveable, adjective
Word Origin
Old English sceafan; related to Old Norse skafa, Gothic skaban to shave, Latin scabere to scrape
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for shave
v.

Old English sceafan (strong verb, past tense scof, past participle scafen), "to scrape, shave, polish," from Proto-Germanic *skaban (cf. Old Norse skafa, Middle Dutch scaven, German schaben, Gothic skaban "scratch, shave, scrape"), from PIE *skabh-, collateral form of root *(s)kep- "to cut, to scrape, to hack" (see scabies). Related: Shaved; shaving. Original strong verb status is preserved in past tense form shaven. Specifically in reference to cutting the hair close from mid-13c. Figurative sense of "to strip (someone) of money or possessions" is attested from late 14c.

n.

c.1600, "something shaved off;" from shave (v.); Old English sceafa meant "tool for shaving." Meaning "operation of shaving" is from 1838. Meaning "a grazing touch" is recorded from 1834. Phrase a close shave is from 1856, on notion of "a slight, grazing touch."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for shave

shave

verb

To reduce: They've shaved the estimate a little (1898+)


shave points

v phr,v

To get a gambling or money advantage by failing to score as much as one could; fraudulently lose a game: Did they think I liked shaving the points? (1971+ Sports & gambling)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with shave
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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11
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