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sheen

[sheen] /ʃin/
noun
1.
luster; brightness; radiance.
2.
gleaming attire.
adjective
3.
4.
verb (used without object)
5.
Scot. and North England. to shine.
Origin
900
before 900; (adj.) Middle English sheene beautiful, bright, shining, Old English scēne; cognate with German schön; (v.) Middle English s(c)henen, derivative of the adj.; (noun) derivative of the adj.
Related forms
sheenful, adjective
sheenless, adjective
sheenly, adverb
Synonyms
1. See polish.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sheenest

sheen

/ʃiːn/
noun
1.
a gleaming or glistening brightness; lustre
2.
(poetic) splendid clothing
adjective
3.
(rare) shining and beautiful; radiant
Derived Forms
sheeny, adjective
Word Origin
Old English sciene; related to Old Norse skjōni white horse, Gothic skauns beautiful, Old High German scōni bright
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sheenest

sheen

n.

"shining, brightness," 1602 (first attested in "Hamlet" iii.2), noun use of adjective sheene "beautiful, bright," from Old English scene, sciene "beautiful; bright, brilliant," from Proto-Germanic *skauniz "conspicuous" (cf. Old Frisian skene, Middle Dutch scone, Dutch schoon, Old High German skoni, German schön "fair, beautiful;" Gothic skaunja "beautiful"), from PIE root *skeue- "to pay attention, perceive" (see caveat). Meaning "film of oil on water" is from 1970.

As an adjective now only in poetic or archaic use, but in Middle English used after a woman's name, or as a noun, "fair one, beautiful woman."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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