sheriff

[sher-if]
noun
1.
the law-enforcement officer of a county or other civil subdivision of a state.
2.
(formerly) an important civil officer in an English shire.

Origin:
before 1050; Middle English sher(r)ef, Old English scīrgerēfa. See shire, reeve1

sheriffdom [sher-if-duhm] , noun
subsheriff, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
sheriff (ˈʃɛrɪf)
 
n
1.  (in the US) the chief law-enforcement officer in a county: popularly elected, except in Rhode Island
2.  (in England and Wales) the chief executive officer of the Crown in a county, having chiefly ceremonial dutiesRelated: shrieval
3.  (in Scotland) a judge in any of the sheriff courts
4.  (in Australia) an administrative officer of the Supreme Court, who enforces judgments and the execution of writs, empanels juries, etc
5.  (in New Zealand) an officer of the High Court
 
Related: shrieval
 
[Old English scīrgerēfa, from scīrshire1 + gerēfareeve1]
 
'sheriffdom
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sheriff
late O.E. scirgerefa "representative of royal authority in a shire," from scir (see shire) + gerefa "chief, official, reeve" (see reeve). In Anglo-Saxon England, the representative of royal authority in a shire. As an American county official, attested from 1662; sheriff's sale first recorded 1798.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Sheriffs definition


(Dan. 3:2), Babylonian officers.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
But the two cities have different mayors, different sheriffs and two sets of city government.
The sheriffs intervened before the end of the performance and carried off six or seven of the apprentices to prison.
Sheriffs are usually elected to their posts and perform duties similar to those of a local or county police chief.
But to say that our prosecutors, public defenders and sheriffs are already running fairly lean operations.
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