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shirk

[shurk] /ʃɜrk/
verb (used with object)
1.
to evade (work, duty, responsibility, etc.).
verb (used without object)
2.
to evade work, duty, etc.
noun
3.
a shirker.
Origin
1625-1635
1625-35; obscurely akin to shark2
Related forms
unshirked, adjective
unshirking, adjective
Synonyms
1. shun, avoid, dodge.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for shirking
  • Failing to fire someone who needs to be fired is simple shirking your duty as a manager.
  • Suicide is sometimes even met with approval-as facing one's fate, not shirking it.
  • They are to prevent policeman from shirking and simply rounding up the usual suspects.
  • It is, in some ways, as vivid a demonstration as there is of shirking responsibility and fault-of being a weasel.
  • For a country that claims to be a global power, it is still shirking its responsibilities.
  • It's harder to engage in teamwork if other team members are shirking.
  • Requires that bank earn higher discounted profits by monitoring than shirking.
  • The experiment illustrates shirking opportunities of the agent and the importance of work incentives.
  • Perceptions that agencies and officials are shirking their civic duties may obstruct efforts to promote public safety.
  • We have a proud tradition of innovation and not shirking from a challenge.
British Dictionary definitions for shirking

shirk1

/ʃɜːk/
verb
1.
to avoid discharging (work, a duty, etc); evade
noun
2.
a person who shirks
Word Origin
C17: probably from German Schurke rogue; see shark²

shirk2

/ʃɪːk/
noun
1.
(Islam)
  1. the fundamental sin of regarding anything as equal to Allah
  2. any belief that is considered to be in opposition to Allah and Islam
Word Origin
from Arabic: association
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for shirking

shirk

v.

1630s, "to practice fraud or trickery," also a noun (1630s, now obsolete) "a needy, disreputable parasite" [OED], perhaps from German schurke "scoundrel, rogue, knave, villain" (see shark (n.)). Sense of "evade one's work or duty" first recorded 1785, originally in slang. Related: Shirked; shirking.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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