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Temple

[tem-puh l] /ˈtɛm pəl/
noun
1.
Shirley (Shirley Temple Black) 1928–2014, U.S. film actress, famous for child roles during the 1930s, and diplomat.
2.
Sir William, 1628–99, English essayist and diplomat.
3.
a city in central Texas.

Black

[blak] /blæk/
noun
1.
Hugo Lafayette, 1886–1971, U.S. political official: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1937–71.
2.
(Sir) James Whyte [hwahyt,, wahyt] /ʰwaɪt,, waɪt/ (Show IPA), born 1924, English pharmacologist: Nobel prize 1988.
3.
Joseph, 1728–99, Scottish physician and chemist.
4.
Shirley Temple, Temple, Shirley.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for shirley temple black

black

/blæk/
adjective
1.
of the colour of jet or carbon black, having no hue due to the absorption of all or nearly all incident light Compare white (sense 1)
2.
without light; completely dark
3.
without hope or alleviation; gloomy: the future looked black
4.
very dirty or soiled: black factory chimneys
5.
angry or resentful: she gave him black looks
6.
(of a play or other work) dealing with the unpleasant realities of life, esp in a pessimistic or macabre manner: black comedy
7.
(of coffee or tea) without milk or cream
8.
causing, resulting from, or showing great misfortune: black areas of unemployment
9.
  1. wicked or harmful: a black lie
  2. (in combination): black-hearted
10.
causing or deserving dishonour or censure: a black crime
11.
(of the face) purple, as from suffocation
12.
(Brit) (of goods, jobs, works, etc) being subject to boycott by trade unionists, esp in support of industrial action elsewhere
noun
13.
a black colour
14.
a dye or pigment of or producing this colour
15.
black clothing, worn esp as a sign of mourning
16.
(chess, draughts)
  1. a black or dark-coloured piece or square
  2. (usually capital) the player playing with such pieces
17.
complete darkness: the black of the night
18.
a black ball in snooker, etc
19.
(in roulette and other gambling games) one of two colours on which players may place even bets, the other being red
20.
in the black, in credit or without debt
21.
(archery) a black ring on a target, between the outer and the blue, scoring three points
verb
22.
another word for blacken
23.
(transitive) to polish (shoes, etc) with blacking
24.
(transitive) to bruise so as to make black: he blacked her eye
25.
(transitive) (Brit & Austral, NZ) (of trade unionists) to organize a boycott of (specified goods, jobs, work, etc), esp in support of industrial action elsewhere
See also blackout
Derived Forms
blackish, adjective
blackishly, adverb
blackly, adverb
blackness, noun
Word Origin
Old English blæc; related to Old Saxon blak ink, Old High German blakra to blink

Black1

/blæk/
noun
1.
a member of a human population having dark pigmentation of the skin
adjective
2.
of or relating to a Black person or Black people: a Black neighbourhood
Usage note
Talking about a Black or Blacks is considered offensive and it is better to talk about a Black person, Black people

Black2

/blæk/
noun
1.
Sir James (Whyte). 1924–2010, British biochemist. He discovered beta-blockers and drugs for peptic ulcers: Nobel prize for physiology or medicine 1988
2.
Joseph. 1728–99, Scottish physician and chemist, noted for his pioneering work on carbon dioxide and heat

temple1

/ˈtɛmpəl/
noun
1.
a building or place dedicated to the worship of a deity or deities
2.
a Mormon church
3.
(US) another name for a synagogue
4.
any Christian church, esp a large or imposing one
5.
any place or object regarded as a shrine where God makes himself present, esp the body of a person who has been sanctified or saved by grace
6.
a building regarded as the focus of an activity, interest, or practice: a temple of the arts
Derived Forms
templed, adjective
temple-like, adjective
Word Origin
Old English tempel, from Latin templum; probably related to Latin tempustime, Greek temenos sacred enclosure, literally: a place cut off, from temnein to cut

temple2

/ˈtɛmpəl/
noun
1.
the region on each side of the head in front of the ear and above the cheek bone related adjective temporal
Word Origin
C14: from Old French temple, from Latin tempora the temples, from tempus temple of the head

temple3

/ˈtɛmpəl/
noun
1.
the part of a loom that keeps the cloth being woven stretched to the correct width
Word Origin
C15: from French, from Latin templum a small timber

Temple1

/ˈtɛmpəl/
noun
1.
either of two buildings in London and Paris that belonged to the Templars. The one in London now houses two of the chief law societies
2.
any of three buildings or groups of buildings erected by the Jews in ancient Jerusalem for the worship of Jehovah

Temple2

/ˈtɛmpəl/
noun
1.
Shirley, married name Shirley Temple Black. born 1928, US film actress and politician. Her films as a child star include Little Miss Marker (1934), Wee Willie Winkie (1937), and Heidi (1937). She was US ambassador to Ghana (1974–76) and to Czechoslovakia (1989–92)
2.
Sir William. 1628–99, English diplomat and essayist. He negotiated the Triple Alliance (1668) and the marriage of William of Orange to Mary II
3.
William. 1881–1944, English prelate and advocate of social reform; archbishop of Canterbury (1942–44)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for shirley temple black

black

adj.

Old English blæc "dark," from Proto-Germanic *blakaz "burned" (cf. Old Norse blakkr "dark," Old High German blah "black," Swedish bläck "ink," Dutch blaken "to burn"), from PIE *bhleg- "to burn, gleam, shine, flash" (cf. Greek phlegein "to burn, scorch," Latin flagrare "to blaze, glow, burn"), from root *bhel- (1) "to shine, flash, burn;" see bleach (v.).

The same root produced Old English blac "bright, shining, glittering, pale;" the connecting notions being, perhaps, "fire" (bright) and "burned" (dark). The usual Old English word for "black" was sweart (see swart). According to OED: "In ME. it is often doubtful whether blac, blak, blake, means 'black, dark,' or 'pale, colourless, wan, livid.' " Used of dark-skinned people in Old English.

Of coffee, first attested 1796. Meaning "fierce, terrible, wicked" is late 14c. The color of sin and sorrow since at least c.1300; sense of "with dark purposes, malignant" emerged 1580s (e.g. black magic). Black face in reference to a performance style originated in U.S., is from 1868. Black flag, flown (especially by pirates) as a signal of "no mercy," from 1590s. Black dog "melancholy" attested from 1826. Black belt is from 1875 in reference to districts of the U.S. South with heaviest African population; 1870 with reference to fertility of soil; 1913 in judo sense. Black power is from 1966, associated with Stokely Carmichael.

v.

c.1200, "to become black;" early 14c., "to make black, darken;" from black (adj.). Related: Blacked; blacking.

n.

Old English blæc "the color black," also "ink," from noun use of black (adj.). From late 14c. as "dark spot in the pupil of the eye." The meaning "black person, African" is from 1620s (perhaps late 13c., and blackamoor is from 1540s). To be in the black (1922) is from the accounting practice of recording credits and balances in black ink.

For years it has been a common practice to use red ink instead of black in showing a loss or deficit on corporate books, but not until the heavy losses of 1921 did the contrast in colors come to have a widely understood meaning. ["Saturday Evening Post," July 22, 1922]

temple

n.

"building for worship," Old English tempel, from Latin templum "piece of ground consecrated for the taking of auspices, building for worship," of uncertain signification. Commonly referred either to PIE root *tem- "to cut," on notion of "place reserved or cut out," or to PIE root *temp- "to stretch," on notion of cleared space in front of an altar. Figurative sense of "any place regarded as occupied by divine presence" was in Old English. Applied to Jewish synagogues from 1590s.

"side of the forehead," early 14c., from Old French temple "side of the forehead" (11c.), from Vulgar Latin *tempula (feminine singular), from Latin tempora, plural of tempus (genitive temporis) "side of the forehead," probably originally "the thin stretch of skin at the side of the forehead." Possibly associated with tempus span "timely space (for a mortal blow with a sword)," or from the notion of "stretched, thinnest part," which is the sense of cognate Old English ðunwange, literally "thin cheek."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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shirley temple black in Medicine

temple tem·ple (těm'pəl)
n.

  1. The flat region on either side of the forehead.

  2. Either of the sidepieces of a frame for eyeglasses that extends along the temple and over the ear.

Black (blāk), Sir James Whyte. Born 1924.

British pharmacologist. He shared a 1988 Nobel Prize for developing drugs to treat heart disease and stomach and duodenal ulcers.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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shirley temple black in Science
Black
  (blāk)   
British pharmacologist who discovered the first beta-blocker, which led to the development of safer and more effective drugs to treat high blood pressure and heart disease. Black also developed a blocker for gastric acid production that revolutionized the treatment of stomach ulcers. He shared with Gertrude Elion and George Hitchings the 1988 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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shirley temple black in Culture

Temple definition


The central place of worship for the Israelites. The first Temple was built in Jerusalem by King Solomon. The stone tablets received by Moses on Mount Sinai — tablets on which the Ten Commandments were written — were kept in the central chamber of Solomon's Temple. Solomon's Temple was later destroyed, as were two succeeding temples built on the site.

Note: A wall remaining from the temples, known as the Western Wall, is one of the most sacred places for Jews today.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for shirley temple black

black

adjective
  1. Secret: The plans for the Stealth bomber were kept in the military's black budget (1960s+)
  2. Of coffee, without cream or milk
Related Terms

in the black


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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shirley temple black in the Bible

first used of the tabernacle, which is called "the temple of the Lord" (1 Sam. 1:9). In the New Testament the word is used figuratively of Christ's human body (John 2:19, 21). Believers are called "the temple of God" (1 Cor. 3:16, 17). The Church is designated "an holy temple in the Lord" (Eph. 2:21). Heaven is also called a temple (Rev. 7:5). We read also of the heathen "temple of the great goddess Diana" (Acts 19:27). This word is generally used in Scripture of the sacred house erected on the summit of Mount Moriah for the worship of God. It is called "the temple" (1 Kings 6:17); "the temple [R.V., 'house'] of the Lord" (2 Kings 11:10); "thy holy temple" (Ps. 79:1); "the house of the Lord" (2 Chr. 23:5, 12); "the house of the God of Jacob" (Isa. 2:3); "the house of my glory" (60:7); an "house of prayer" (56:7; Matt. 21:13); "an house of sacrifice" (2 Chr. 7:12); "the house of their sanctuary" (2 Chr. 36:17); "the mountain of the Lord's house" (Isa. 2:2); "our holy and our beautiful house" (64:11); "the holy mount" (27:13); "the palace for the Lord God" (1 Chr. 29:1); "the tabernacle of witness" (2 Chr. 24:6); "Zion" (Ps. 74:2; 84:7). Christ calls it "my Father's house" (John 2:16).


properly the absence of all colour. In Prov. 7:9 the Hebrew word means, as in the margin of the Revised Version, "the pupil of the eye." It is translated "apple" of the eye in Deut. 32:10; Ps. 17:8; Prov. 7:2. It is a different word which is rendered "black" in Lev. 13:31,37; Cant. 1:5; 5:11; and Zech. 6:2, 6. It is uncertain what the "black marble" of Esther 1:6 was which formed a part of the mosaic pavement.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with shirley temple black
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for shirley temple black

Temple

city, Bell county, central Texas, U.S. It lies along the Little River, just southeast of Belton Lake (impounded on the Leon River) and some 35 miles (55 km) south-southwest of Waco. With the cities of Bartlett, Belton, Copperas Cove, Gatesville, Salado, and Killeen, it forms part of the Killeen-Temple Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Learn more about Temple with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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