shiver1 [shiv-er] /ˈʃɪv ər/ Show IPA
verb (used without object)
to shake or tremble with cold, fear, excitement, etc.
(of a fore-and-aft sail) to shake when too close to the wind.
(of a sailing vessel) to be headed so close to the wind that the sails shake.
a tremulous motion; a tremble or quiver:
The thought sent a shiver down her spine.
shivers, an attack of shivering or chills (usually preceded by the).
1150–1200; Middle English chivere (noun); later sh-, apparently for the sake of alliteration in phrase chiver and shake
1. Shiver, quake, shudder refer to a vibratory muscular movement, a trembling, usually involuntary. We shiver with cold, or a sensation such as that of cold: to shiver in thin clothing on a frosty day; to shiver with pleasant anticipation. We quake especially with fear: to quake with fright. We shudder with horror or abhorrence; the agitation is more powerful and deep-seated than shivering or trembling: to shudder at pictures of a concentration camp.