shock absorber

noun Machinery.
a device for damping sudden and rapid motion, as the recoil of a spring-mounted object from shock.

Origin:
1905–10

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World English Dictionary
shock absorber
 
n
any device designed to absorb mechanical shock, esp one fitted to a motor vehicle to damp the recoil of the suspension springs

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Example sentences
The inner suspension system is designed as a shock absorber.
Provide chain hold down, spring-tension pulley and shock absorber.
The subcutaneous tissue also acts as a shock absorber.
Due to the limited elasticity of the web lanyard, fall protection without the
  use of a shock absorber is not recommended.
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Synonyms
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