(Japanese: "living flowers"), in classical Japanese floral art, a three-branched asymmetrical style that is a simplification of the ancient stylized temple floral art of rikka. The serenely balanced shoka arrangements are triangular, based on three main lines: shin, the central "truth" branch; soe, supporting branches; and tai, branches placed near the base to balance the structure. They symbolize heaven, man, and earth; thus the arrangement represents the whole universe
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