shore

2 [shawr, shohr]
noun
1.
a supporting post or beam with auxiliary members, especially one placed obliquely against the side of a building, a ship in drydock, or the like; prop; strut.
verb (used with object), shored, shoring.
2.
to support by or as if by a shore or shores; prop (usually followed by up ): to shore up a roof; government subsidies to shore up falling corn prices.

Origin:
1300–50; (noun) Middle English; cognate with Middle Low German, Middle Dutch schore prop; (v.) shoren, derivative of the noun


1. brace, buttress, stay.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
shore1 (ʃɔː)
 
n
1.  the land along the edge of a sea, lake, or wide riverRelated: littoral
2.  a.  land, as opposed to water (esp in the phrase on shore)
 b.  (as modifier): shore duty
3.  law the tract of coastland lying between the ordinary marks of high and low water
4.  (often plural) a country: his native shores
 
vb
5.  (tr) to move or drag (a boat) onto a shore
 
Related: littoral
 
[C14: probably from Middle Low German, Middle Dutch schōre; compare Old High German scorra cliff; see shear]

shore2 (ʃɔː)
 
n
1.  a prop, post, or beam used to support a wall, building, ship in dry dock, etc
 
vb (often foll by up)
2.  to prop or make safe with or as if with a shore
 
[C15: from Middle Dutch schōre; related to Old Norse skortha prop]
 
'shoring2
 
n

shore3 (ʃɔː)
 
vb
(Austral), (NZ) a past tense of shear

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

shore
c.1300, "land bordering a large body of water," perhaps from M.L.G. schor "shore, coast, headland," or M.Du. scorre "land washed by the sea," probably from P.Gmc. *skur- "cut" and according to etymologists originally with a sense of "division" between land and water, and thus related to O.E. sceran
"shear, to cut" (see shear). But if the word originated on the North Sea coast of the continent, it may as well have meant "land 'cut off' from the mainland by tidal marshes" (cf. O.N. skerg "an isolated rock in the sea," related to sker "to cut, shear"). Few I.E. languages have such a single comprehensive word for "land bordering water" (Gk. had one word for sandy beaches, another for rocky headlands). General application to "country near a seacoast" is attested from 1611.

shore
mid-14c., "to prop, support with a prop;" of obscure etymology though widespread in W.Gmc.; cf. M.Du. schooren "to prop up, support," O.N. skorða (n.) "a piece of timber set up as a support."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

shore up

Support, prop, as in The new law was designed to shore up banks in danger of failure. This expression derives from the noun shore, meaning "prop," a beam or timber propped against a structure to provide support. The verb shore dates from 1340 and was first recorded in a figurative context in 1581.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
The difference is that there are fewer restraints on the lengths to which they
  can go in order to shore up their power base.
To counter boredom and shore up recession-crimped finances, a retirement career
  can be a win-win.
The government at last recognises the need to do more to shore up its financial
  system.
Ringing statements that the big economies would do whatever it took to shore up
  the system had real value.
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